Flashcards in Group Counseling Deck (39):
What is authoritarian leadership style?
The leader sees Him/herself as an expert.
Like the least by members
Aka: X group leadership
What is Democratic leadership style?
Leadership is shared.
Members behave appropriately.
The most productive style
Aka theory Y group leadership
What is laissez-faire leadership style?
No leadership is in place.
Aka Theory Z group leadership
What are Yalom's leadership types?
Impersonal – are distant and aggressive.
Managers – structure activities and controlled how members interact.
Laissez-fairies- Low support low control (low)
Social engineers – group focus
Energizers- caring and charismatic (moderate)
Providers- specialize in caring and meaning attributions (best)
What are group leader skills?
Reflection and clarification
Questioning and summarizing
Encouragement and support
Self disclosure at appropriate times
What are poor choices for group membership unless the group is specifically designed to deal with?
Totally self centered
What are the most important member trait?
The ability to trust and the ability to feel cohesion.
What are the members' traits correlated to premature termination from groups?
Low intelligence, low motivation and high denial.
Ethical guidelines require that risk of group membership be discussed when?
During the screening interview and as soon as is possible thereafter.
ASGW ethical guidances states?
Group leaders shall inform members that participation is voluntary and they may exit the group at any time.
If clients are in "mandatory treatment" clients should be told that appropriate notification will be made.
What are Tuckman and Jensen developmental group stages?
Characteristics of forming stage/ orientation stage?
Initiate getting acquainted
Deal with initial resistance and fears
Start a session
Ending a session
Teach member self-evaluation
Characteristics of storming stage/ transitions?
Deal with defensive behaviors
Deal with difficult members
Deal with conflict
Explore common fears and resistance
Deal with challenges to the leader.
Characteristics of performing/ working stage/ action/ productive stage?
Deal with expressed confusion
Deal with issue of closeness
Teach appropriate disclosure
Elicit emotional responses
Deal with the fear of losing control
Deal with intense emotions
Work with dreams
Work with projection and self-awareness problems.
Characteristics of adjourning stage/ termination/ separation?
End a session
Terminate a group
Assess and follow up
Evaluate a group
The word "structure" is used in the field of group work in three contexts?
The basic format or formulation of the groups.
The use of structured exercises or tasks given by the leader to the groups.
Group focused on a particular theme or topic.
Group structure for adult groups?
Few as three members and as many as fifteen.
Groups usually have between 8 to 10 members.
Optimum size 8
Group structure for Adolescent groups?
Adolescents do well in groups with their peers.
Group size can range from 6 to 8 members.
Optimum size is 6
Group structure for children's groups?
Younger children are usually place in small groups of 2 but never over 5.
Optimum size is 3 to 4
Their own age but with somewhat diverse problems
No new members at the start date.
Promotes cohesiveness and trust
Drop in membership me cut the over all interactions of members
New members allowed after state date
Members joining after first session do not receive info\experiences shared earlier.
Members are alike
Have similar problems
Advantages: promotes cohesiveness
Problems are different
Advantage: replicates The real world and allows clients to learn from others.
Classifications of groups Caplan's crisis intervention model
Preventive; teach coping strategies.
Example: diet, weight mgmt
Disturbing behaviors, problems present, but is not severe.
Deal with severe, long-standing problems.
Negative and\or destructive task Roles
Scapegoat- A member who blames by other members.
Interrogator- constantly ask questions
Peeping tom- ask inappropriate questions
Story teller-take of time telling irrelevant stories.
Joker- use jokes as smokescreen
Isolate- rejected and ignore; or giving little to no attention
Types of groups requiring specialized training
Task and work groups.
Psycho education groups.
Advantages of group counseling
Benefits of interpersonal relationships
Less expensive than individual counseling
Provide support groups
Learn problem-solving strategy
Disadvantage of group counseling
Difficulty in recruiting and matching members.
Individual needs not addressed
Client confidentiality is difficult to maintain
Found by Alexander Wolf
Group members work through repressed conflicts to restructure their personality and character
Psychoanalytical groups will go through the six stages
Individual assessment to see if they are suitable.
Rapport through interpretation of dreams and fantasies.
Free association interactions
Analysis of resistance
Analysis of transference
Conscious personal actions and social integration
Catharsis: a release of pent up feeling and emotions
Encourage members to explore choices
Ultimate concerns are the human existence:
Death, Freedom, isolation and meaninglessness.
Person centered groups
Three varmint to attitude for about it the big drive for a persons to achieve self-actualization:
Unconditional positive regards
Transactional analysis group
Individuals make decisions based on current belief.
Help to identify illogical beliefs
Rational emotive-behavior therapy groups
Views problems as stemming from peoples responsive, processing, or an interpretation of external events
Attempt to choose the best theoretical approach based on the client's attributes, resources, and situations.
The word eclectic is associated with Fredrick C. Throne
The term group therapy was coined in 1931 by
John Moreno, the father of psychodynamic
Strategies that approach the group as a whole.