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Flashcards in Group Counseling Deck (39):

What is authoritarian leadership style?

The leader sees Him/herself as an expert.
Very directive
Like the least by members

Aka: X group leadership


What is Democratic leadership style?

Leadership is shared.
Members behave appropriately.
The most productive style

Aka theory Y group leadership


What is laissez-faire leadership style?

No leadership is in place.
Generally ineffective

Aka Theory Z group leadership


What are Yalom's leadership types?

Impersonal – are distant and aggressive.
Managers – structure activities and controlled how members interact.
Laissez-fairies- Low support low control (low)
Social engineers – group focus
Energizers- caring and charismatic (moderate)
Providers- specialize in caring and meaning attributions (best)


What are group leader skills?

Active listening
Reflection and clarification
Questioning and summarizing
Information giving
Encouragement and support
Self disclosure at appropriate times
Attending behavior


What are poor choices for group membership unless the group is specifically designed to deal with?

Physically aggressive
Active suicidal
Actively homicidal
Totally self centered


What are the most important member trait?

The ability to trust and the ability to feel cohesion.


What are the members' traits correlated to premature termination from groups?

Low intelligence, low motivation and high denial.


Ethical guidelines require that risk of group membership be discussed when?

During the screening interview and as soon as is possible thereafter.


ASGW ethical guidances states?

Group leaders shall inform members that participation is voluntary and they may exit the group at any time.

If clients are in "mandatory treatment" clients should be told that appropriate notification will be made.


What are Tuckman and Jensen developmental group stages?

Forming/ orientation
Storming/ transition


Characteristics of forming stage/ orientation stage?

Initiate getting acquainted
Focus members
Create trust
Deal with initial resistance and fears
Start a session
Ending a session
Teach member self-evaluation


Characteristics of storming stage/ transitions?

Deal with defensive behaviors
Deal with difficult members
Deal with conflict
Explore common fears and resistance
Deal with challenges to the leader.


Characteristics of performing/ working stage/ action/ productive stage?

Deal with expressed confusion
Deal with issue of closeness
Teach appropriate disclosure
Elicit emotional responses
Deal with the fear of losing control
Deal with intense emotions
Work with dreams
Work with projection and self-awareness problems.


Characteristics of adjourning stage/ termination/ separation?

End a session
Terminate a group
Assess and follow up
Evaluate a group


The word "structure" is used in the field of group work in three contexts?

The basic format or formulation of the groups.
The use of structured exercises or tasks given by the leader to the groups.
Group focused on a particular theme or topic.


Group structure for adult groups?

Few as three members and as many as fifteen.
Groups usually have between 8 to 10 members.
Optimum size 8


Group structure for Adolescent groups?

Adolescents do well in groups with their peers.

Group size can range from 6 to 8 members.

Optimum size is 6


Group structure for children's groups?

Younger children are usually place in small groups of 2 but never over 5.

Optimum size is 3 to 4

Their own age but with somewhat diverse problems


Closed groups

No new members at the start date.

Promotes cohesiveness and trust

Drop in membership me cut the over all interactions of members


Open groups

New members allowed after state date

Cost effective

Members joining after first session do not receive info\experiences shared earlier.


Homogenous groups

Members are alike

Have similar problems

Advantages: promotes cohesiveness


Heterogeneous groups

Not alike
Problems are different

Advantage: replicates The real world and allows clients to learn from others.


Classifications of groups Caplan's crisis intervention model

Primary groups:
Preventive; teach coping strategies.
Example: diet, weight mgmt

Secondary groups:
Disturbing behaviors, problems present, but is not severe.
Example: grief

Tertiary groups:
Deal with severe, long-standing problems.


Negative and\or destructive task Roles

Scapegoat- A member who blames by other members.
Interrogator- constantly ask questions
Peeping tom- ask inappropriate questions
Story teller-take of time telling irrelevant stories.
Joker- use jokes as smokescreen
Isolate- rejected and ignore; or giving little to no attention


Types of groups requiring specialized training

Task and work groups.
Psycho education groups.
Group counseling
Group psychotherapy


Advantages of group counseling

Benefits of interpersonal relationships
Less expensive than individual counseling
Therapeutic orientation
Provide support groups
Learn problem-solving strategy


Disadvantage of group counseling

Difficulty in recruiting and matching members.
Individual needs not addressed
Client confidentiality is difficult to maintain


Psychoanalytic groups

Found by Alexander Wolf
Group members work through repressed conflicts to restructure their personality and character


Psychoanalytical groups will go through the six stages

Individual assessment to see if they are suitable.
Rapport through interpretation of dreams and fantasies.
Free association interactions
Analysis of resistance
Analysis of transference
Conscious personal actions and social integration


Psychodrama groups

Jacob Moreno

Catharsis: a release of pent up feeling and emotions


Existential groups

Irvin Yalom

Encourage members to explore choices

Ultimate concerns are the human existence:
Death, Freedom, isolation and meaninglessness.


Person centered groups

Three varmint to attitude for about it the big drive for a persons to achieve self-actualization:
Unconditional positive regards


Transactional analysis group

Eric Berne

Individuals make decisions based on current belief.

Help to identify illogical beliefs


Rational emotive-behavior therapy groups

Views problems as stemming from peoples responsive, processing, or an interpretation of external events


Electric counselors

Attempt to choose the best theoretical approach based on the client's attributes, resources, and situations.

The word eclectic is associated with Fredrick C. Throne


The term group therapy was coined in 1931 by

John Moreno, the father of psychodynamic


Horizontal approaches

Strategies that approach the group as a whole.


Vertical interventions

Strategies that focus on an individual member of the group.