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Flashcards in hazardous material response Deck (135):
1

lfvr personnel are trained to what level of haz-mat

operations level (312)

2

per nfpa __, the ops level responder is responsible for the awareness level

472

3

recognize the presence of hazardous material 2)call for the appropriate help 3) secure emergency area 4) attempt to id material 5) determine the appropriate actions per NAERG is the responsibility of what type of responder

operations level

4

the __ level responder is responsible for defing the problem, designing a defense and directing the execution of the IAP

operational

5

operational level responders are limited to conducting those ops that are either _-__ or _ in nature

non-intervention or defensive

6

the las vegas valley all hazards emergency operations plan 2003 designates that the __ is to coordinate emergency management efforts that involve an actual or potential discharge of hazardous materials with in las vegas valley

fire department

7

__ that a hazardous material is present is the first step in successfully mitigating a hazmat incident

recognizing (313)

8

when responding to a possible hazardous material incident, __ __stops should be made by the company officer so that they can briefly assess the situation for unusual circumstances.

remote observations

9

__ __ provide information about the hazard of products being stored or

marking system (315)

10

what are the 2 most common marking systems

dot/un and nfpa



11

the dot classification of hazmat is based on the __ & physical properties of

chemical and physical properties

12

dot has how many hazard classes

9

13

dot has how many class divisions

20

14

how many packing groups are there

3

15

packing group _ indicates great danger

I

16

packing group _ indicates medium danger

II

17

packing group _ indicates minor danger

III

18

for table _ materials - you must placard vehicles carrying any amount of the following classes explosive 1.1 - 1.3, poison gases 2.3, dangerous when wet 4.3, poison inhalation hazard 6.1, radioactive III 7

1

19

for table _ materials - vehicles carrying more than 1000 lbs of the hazard classes not found on table 1 require placards

2

20

when a mixed load has more than 1k lbs of total hazardous material but not more than 1k lbs of any single material, a "__" placard may applied instead of the specific hazard class

dangerous

21

what are the 2 marking systems (transportation and fixed)

DOT/UN and NFPA

22

with hazmat company officer will be initially concerned with what 2 issuses

material id and container integrity (316)

23

1. no apparent damage to container, 2. damage to container w/ no material release, 3. damage to container w/ material release but no fire, 4. damage to the container w/ material release and fire, are the 4 possible consequences of __ on a container

stress

24

lvfr operational level responders may id the _ __ of a particular emergency, but because of their limited training an equipment resource, they will generally need assistance from more highly trained personnel

primary objective (317)

25

approach upwind and uphill, isolate the area and deny entry, evac or shelter in place, dike and retain the spill, divert liquid and runoff, eliminate ignition sources cool tanks are examples of

primary objectives

26

strategic objectives can be broken down in to what 3 strategic options

defensive, offensive and non-intervention (318)

27

the las vegas valley defines hazmat incidents using a 3 level response which range from


level I (least serious) - level III (most serious)

28

the extent of municipal, county, state, and federal involvement, the level of technical expertise required at the scene, the number of civilian evacuations, the number of injuries and deaths are criteria used to determine what

level of hazmat I - III

29

a level _ incident is capable of being mitigated by the local fire department that has jurisdiction over the location of the incident

I

30

level __ incident require the service of a formal hazmat response team. a properly trained and equipped response team is expected to use chemical protective suits and confine the contaminated areas perform plugging and patching and sample and test

II

31

Level __ incidents require resources from state agencies, fedral agencies and/or private industries. a large scale evacuation may be required

III (319)

32

the las vegas valley fire departments utilize the acronym "__" for hazard id & eval

ATRICK

33

__ simply displaces o2. and interrupts cellular oxidation like C)

asphyxiate

34

__ immediately dangerous to life and health, permissible exposure limit threshold limit value

toxicity

35

__ does the chimical react with other materials

reactivity

36

__ flammability, flash point, ignition temp. LEL - UEL

ignitable

37

__ caustic or alkaline, measured with ph scale

corrosive

38

on ph scale 1-6 is

acid

39

on ph scale 8-14 is

base

40

the las vegas valley fire dept uses the acronym _ __for hazard id and evaluation

A TRICK

41

A TRICK stands for

asphyxiate, toxicity reactivity ignitable corrosive know

42

what are the haz-mat modes of operations

non-intervention, defensive and offensive

43

strategies in which responders take no intervention to mitigate the problem

non-intervention (320)

44

when 1 or more of the following circumstances exist what op mode should be used. facility calls for nonintervention based on pre incident eval of hazards. the situations is beyond capabilities of responders, imminent explosion, serious container damage

non-intervention

45

when in __ __ mode responders will take the following actions. withdraw to a safe distance per NRG. report conditions to dispatch, control scene, initiate IMS, call for additional resources

non-intervention

46

__ __ are those which the responders seek to confine the emergency to a given area without directly contacting the materials causing the emergency. this mode is the upper limit of risk lvfr responders can take

defensive operations (321)

47

when operating in __ __ responders will take the following actions. report conditions, control scene, initiate ICS, establish zone boundaries, evacuate, control material spread, use dikes and dams, control ignition sources, call more resources

defensive operations

48

__ __ are those in which responders take direct aggressive action on the material, container or process equipment involved in the incident

offensive operations

49

__ __ are beyond the scope of lvfr operational level trained personnel

offensive operations

50

what are the priorities for hazmat calls

life safety, protect environment and property (322)

51

contaminated walking wounded rescuers and rescued victims need to be held in a isolation area until they can be decontaminated. this area should be located at the edge of the __ zone.

hot

52

___ protection involves the following tactics: protecting people, protecting the environment, protecting property not yet involved

exposure (323)

53

protecting people includes

evacuation or protection in place

54

protecting the __ includes the air surface and table water wildlife and surrounding land that may be affected by hazardous material

environment



55

protecting __ not yet involved includes divert, dike or contain leaking materials

property

56

if a hazmat incident involves a fire the __ tactical priority may be fire extinguishment

3rd

57

the following are questions that should be asked when: is product h2o reactive, can flammable liquid tank overflow, can runoff be contained, is there an explosive hazard, do we want fire out, can personnel be exposed

prior to engaging in fire suppression in a hazmat incident

58

when personnel and environmental risks are too great the practice of letting hazardous material burn is an appropriate option. this process is particularly useful when dealing with __ and flammable liquids

pesticides

59

___ is the process of controlling the flow of the hazamat spill and capturing it at some specified location

confinement (324)

60

__ is the act of stopping the continued release of a material form its container and is an offensive action that is preformed at the technician level

containment

61

__ includes hazard removal and cleanup. LVFR will not cleanup of dispose of hazardous materials

recovery

62

should lvfr verify that cleanup of hazardous material has been done

yes

63

what is the 1 st step of a hazmat incident

id material (325)

64

what is the 2nd step of a hazmat incident

controlling the scene

65

to be able to use the NAERG resource the material involved in the hazmat incident must be id by __ or__ sections of the guide which contain chemicals that are highlighted

blue or yellow

66

the tables of the NAERG do not apply if the material is on fire or has been leaking for more than __ min

30

67

a small spill is considered no more than a __ gallon drum

55 gal

68

the smallest isolations distance for any chemical is __ feet

500

69

__ __ __ is an area created by circling the spill using the minimum isolation

initial isolation zone

70

the __ __ __ zone is the area immediately adjacent to and downwind from the initial isolation zone. it is in imminent danger of being contaminated by airborne vapors within 30 min of release

protective action distance (326)

71

the boundaries of the protective action zone are listed in the ERG in the __ pages in units of __ of a mile

green tenths

72

the following factors r guides to do what: unable to initiate evacuation due to health care, detention or education occupancies, hazard is spreading rapidly, material is too toxic to risk exposure, vapors r heavier than air & people are in a high rise

shelter in place (327)

73

control zones are necessary to provide the scene control needed at a hazmat call. control zones differentiate the levels of hazard at a incident. at the __ level we are responsible for establishing these zones and controlling their boundaries

operations

74

as operational level responders one of our primary responsibilities will be to conduct __ control actions

defensive (329)

75

__ control actions are those measures used to contain and confine a hazardous material and operational level responders should be prepared to preform there defensive tactics within their PPE capabilities

defensive

76

__ is diking, damming, diverting and retaining are ways to confine the hazardous material.

confinement

77

what is an effective alternative to dilution

neutralization

78

__ __ is when water streams are used to disperse airborne vapors. to be effective the material that is being released must be water soluble or the vapor cloud must be able to move by the water stream. this method is effective if there is a life threat

vapor dispersion

79

__ __ is an action taken to reduce the emission of vapors at a hazmat spill.

vapor suppersion

80

at hazmat incidents who determines the level of decon that will be used

ic (330)

81

during both wet and dry decon __ __ responders must : control the flow of victims, protect privacy, remove clothing, monitor for signs and symptoms of contamination, secure a safe refuge

operational level responders (331)

82

__ (class one) are used in military applications, mining, logging, construction and demolition.

explosives (332)

83

__ of explosives is indicated by either crystallized residue on the explosive or by the internal contents leaking through the exterior container

decomposition

84

when an incident occurs involving explosives and fire, the immediate concern is to protect endangered lives. the primary objective is to

isolate, deny entry, evacuate

85

officers must use extreme caution. it is recommended that all civilians and responders move at least __ feet away in all directions

2500

86

what is class two

gases (333)

87

during a gas leak not involving a fire the immediate concern is to protect life safety and exposures. the primary objective is to _

shut off the flow of gas

88

during this type of incident the immediate concern is to protect the exposed tanks by cooling then with water. the primary objective is to shut off the flow of gas

non flammable gas leaks involving fire

89

class 3

flammable and combustible liquids (336)

90

are gas tanks prone to BLEVE

YES

91

are liquid tanks prone to BLEVE

no

92

spilled flammable/combustible liquids not involving fire the immediate concern is to prevent

ignition of the fuel

93

the primary objective with spilled flammable combustible liquids not involving fire is to

stop the flow of fuel

94

class 4

flammable solids, spontaneous combustibles dangerous when wet (337)

95

the actions of a operational level responder for class 4 materials include

securing scene, id material, protecting exposures, establishing zones, evacuation and calling for help

96

class 5

organic peroxides

97

during a incident involving class 5 materials the operation level personnel should

secure area and call the hazmat team

98

spilled oxidizers involving fire the immediate concern is to protect exposures. the primary objective is to_

control the fire by extinguishment or controlled burning

99

class 6

poisonous materials and infectious substances
(338)

100

spilled poisonous materials involving fire the immediate concern is to confine the spread of the material. the primary objective is to_

stop the flow, isolate and let the material burn

101

for spilled infectious substances not involving fire your immediate concern is to protect life safety and confine the spread of the material. the primary concern is to

confine the area and deny entry

102

class 7

radioactive materials (339)

103

what do you do with spilled radioactive material

confine spread and deny entry

104

class 8

corrosives (340)

105

immediate concern for spilled corrosive materials not involving fire is

confine and not dilute

106

the primary objective for spilled corrosive materials not involving fire is to

shut off flow isolate the area and deny entry

107

what is used to reduce vapor production

foam

108

what is used to redirect the vapor clouds

fog stream

109

your immediate concern with spilled corrosive materials involving fire is to

confine the spread and protect exposures

110

the primary objective for spilled corrosive materials involving fire is

shut off the flow, isolate the area and deny entry

111

class 9

miscellaneous (342)

112

class 9 includes any material that has

anesthetic , noxious or similar property

113

operations level personnel are limited to those operations that are either

non-intervention or defensive

114

the Clark county hazardous materials emergency response plan requires that a release of toxic material must be immediately reported to the ___

fire department (312)

115

the Clark county hazardous materials emergency response plan states the local fire department shall adopt the position of __ __ at the scene of all hazardous material incidents with its jurisdiction

incident commander (312 )

116

the fire department shall assume the role of lead agency and ic for all hazamt incidents with the las vegas valley with the exception of__ ___ and ___ where NHP has jurisdictional authority

state roads and highways (312)

117

R.I.S.E.R.A. is the acronym for what

managing hazmat incidents (312)

118

during an observation stop officer should report any unusual conditions to the ___ __ __

fire alarm office (313)

119

the following are common sources of info which can help the officer recognize a __ incident
verbal dispatch
occupancy type
location
transportation routes
visual
physical
intuition
containers

haz-mat (313

120

__ have varying formats, but will consist of the id main hazard, the id department of transportation/unitied nations number basic response directions and ppe document

MSDS (314)

121

these include hazard class, un number, guide number, ect

shipping papers (314)

122

the __ is a seven digit number included on the waybill carried by the conductor

standard transportation commodity code (stcc) (314)

123

the stcc starts with __ the commodity is a hazardous material

49 (314)

124

the __ quantity is the amount of substance that when released is considered hazardous by the epa and must be reported to the national response center

reportable (314)

125

how many hazard zones are there

4 (316)

126

how are the hazard zones identified

A-D

127

how many compatibility groups are there

13

128

the 13 __ groups list materials that cannot be stored together because of their potential combination hazard

compatibility

129

NFPA uses the ___ __ for fixed sites

704 system

130

when doing a size up on a hazmat call the ic can place material into 3 categories what are they

material is known and poses a substantial threat
material is known and poses no immediate threat
material is unknown

131

the criteria used to determine the incident ___ are as follows
the extent of municipal, county, state, and federal involvement

the level of technical expertise required at the scene

the number of civilian evacuations

the number of injures or deaths

level (318)

132

rescue of endangered individuals at a hazardous materials incidents should not be performed until the proper level of PPE can be determined. refer to the ___ for PPE requirements

NRG (322)

133

LVFR personnel can be involved in exposure protection. they can assist with evacuation and sheltering in place as well as helping to protect the environment and property by diverting, diking and damming. LVFR responders only limitation is their lack of proper ___ needed for addressing chemical exposure

PPE (323)

134

controlling the scene of a hazmat call begins by ___ the site, removing the people who are within the isolation area, and denying entry of unauthorized persons

isolation

135

in instances where the responsible party cannot be located or when a spill is the responsibility of the city our contract vendor must be notified through the

fire alarm office (344)

Decks in ocs 2013 Class (55):