Head and Neck Cancer Flashcards Preview

Hugh's MD2 Gen Med > Head and Neck Cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Head and Neck Cancer Deck (11):
1

What is leukoplakia?

White patches in the mucous membrane of the oral cavity

2

Where might tongue pain be referred to?

Ear

Jar

3

What is a fistula?

A epithelial lined tract between epithelial area

4

What are mechanisms of local cancer spread?

Adjacent invasion

Perineural invasion

Caeloemic spread (via the peritoneal and pleural cavity)

5

What are metatases?

Tumour spread without direct anatomical connection

6

Which cancers commonly spread haematologically?

Follicular carcinoma of the thyroid

Renal Cell

Sarcomas

 

7

Most common sites that metastases spread to?

Liver

Lung

Bone

(organs with large blood supply)

8

What are tumours with hormonal effect

Pituitary

Neuroendocrine

Some lung

(more commonly more benign tumours that are less differentiated)

9

Why do cancer patients get cachexic?

TNF mediated

10

What are some risk factors for H&N cancers?

Previous cancer

FHx

Know genetic syndromes

Smoking

Radiation

Toxins

Alcohol

HBV

Sun exposure

Immune dysfunction/suppression

11