Flashcards in Head to toe Chapter 4 Common terms for equestrian species Deck (45):
raised v-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof.
third metacarpal (metatarsal) of the horse; also called the shin bone
fleshy portion of either side of the face; forms the sides of the mouth and continues rostrally to the lips
part of the body between the neck and the abdomen; the thorax
horny irregular growths on the medial surface of the equine leg; in the front legs, the chestnuts are just above the knee; in the rear legs, the chestnuts are near the hock
distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones (phalanges II and III respectively)) in ungulates (Figure 4-2a b and c)
third incisors of equine
junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof; also called the coronet
root of the mane
muscular area around and above the tail base
second incisors of equine
solid part of the equine tail
forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna
small keratinized mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on the palmar or plantar aspects of the equine fetlock
area of the limb between the pastern and the cannon
metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and thelong pastern bone (phalanx1)) in ungalates
side of the body between the ribs and ilium
in maned animals, the most cranial part of the mane hanging down between the ears and onto the forehead.
V-shaped pad of soft horn between the bars of the sole of the equine hoof
muscular portion of the hind limb between the stifle and the hock also called the crus
circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back.
caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb.
tarsal joint; also called the tarsus
hard covering of the digit in ungulates
hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates.
carpus in ungulates (an ungulate is an animal with hooves.)
lumbar region of the back between the thorax and pelvis
region of long, coarse hair at the dorsal border of the neck and terminating t the poll.
two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lover lip.
central incisors of equine
hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally) the last rib (cranially) and the thigh muscles (caudally)
area of the limb between the fetlock and the hoof
proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones (phalanges I and II respectively)) in ungulates
top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest
lateral or medial side of the hoof
region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula
palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; irregular crescent-shaped bottom of the hoof
femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds
caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk
base of the tail where it connects to the body
nipple of mammary gland
cranial side of the hoof
fusion between the wall and sole of the hoof