Head to toe Chapter 4 Common terms for equestrian species Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Head to toe Chapter 4 Common terms for equestrian species Deck (45):
1

bars

raised v-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof.

2

cannon bone

third metacarpal (metatarsal) of the horse; also called the shin bone

3

cheek

fleshy portion of either side of the face; forms the sides of the mouth and continues rostrally to the lips

4

chest

part of the body between the neck and the abdomen; the thorax

5

chestnuts

horny irregular growths on the medial surface of the equine leg; in the front legs, the chestnuts are just above the knee; in the rear legs, the chestnuts are near the hock

6

coffin joint

distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones (phalanges II and III respectively)) in ungulates (Figure 4-2a b and c)

7

corners

third incisors of equine

8

Coronary band

junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof; also called the coronet

9

Crest

root of the mane

10

croup

muscular area around and above the tail base

11

cutters

second incisors of equine

12

dock

solid part of the equine tail

13

Elbow

forelimb joint formed by distal humerus, proximal radius, and proximal ulna

14

Ergot

small keratinized mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on the palmar or plantar aspects of the equine fetlock

15

Fetlock

area of the limb between the pastern and the cannon

16

fetlock joint

metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and thelong pastern bone (phalanx1)) in ungalates

17

flank

side of the body between the ribs and ilium

18

forelock

in maned animals, the most cranial part of the mane hanging down between the ears and onto the forehead.

19

frog

V-shaped pad of soft horn between the bars of the sole of the equine hoof

20

gaskin

muscular portion of the hind limb between the stifle and the hock also called the crus

21

heart girth

circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back.

22

heel

caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb.

23

hock

tarsal joint; also called the tarsus

24

hoof

hard covering of the digit in ungulates

25

hoof wall

hard, horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates.

26

knee

carpus in ungulates (an ungulate is an animal with hooves.)

27

loin

lumbar region of the back between the thorax and pelvis

28

mane

region of long, coarse hair at the dorsal border of the neck and terminating t the poll.

29

muzzle

two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lover lip.

30

nippers

central incisors of equine

31

paralumbar fossa

hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally) the last rib (cranially) and the thigh muscles (caudally)

32

pastern

area of the limb between the fetlock and the hoof

33

pastern joint

proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones (phalanges I and II respectively)) in ungulates

34

poll

top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest

35

quarter

lateral or medial side of the hoof

36

shoulder

region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula

37

sole

palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; irregular crescent-shaped bottom of the hoof

38

stifle joint

femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds

39

tail

caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk

40

tail head

base of the tail where it connects to the body

41

teat

nipple of mammary gland

42

toe

cranial side of the hoof

43

udder

mammary gland

44

white line

fusion between the wall and sole of the hoof

45

withers

region over the dorsum where the neck joints the thorax and where the dorsal margins of the scapula lie just below the skin

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