Flashcards in Healthy Term Infant Deck (25)
What is the average male weight and %fat at 28 wks and term?
1150g, 3.5% fat
3550g, 15% fat
Daily weight gain of 24g
How much fat is gained per day in the last 4 weeks of gestation?
What transplacental transfer of nutrients and chemicals occur in the 3T?
What is the normal term weight?
What can prevent an infant from surviving labour?
Hypoxic environment during contractions
Prolonged labour reduces fetal reserves
Growth restriction or excess
What enhances adaptation?
Increased cortisol and adrenaline
What helps release O2 in the neonate?
What occurs/is done in the first few minutes of life?
Decreased pulmonary arterial pressure
Change from fetal to newborn circulation
What is assessed in Apgar?
What can cause morbidity in haemolytic disease of the newborn?
GI, Lung or CNS complications
What infections are screened for in the newborn?
Hep B- vaccination, Ig
Group B strep- antibiotic prophylaxis
What vaccines are given to infants?
Hep B at birth
BCG 1st month
Routine vaccinations at 8 wks
(Maternal whooping cough and flu vaccines)
What screening tests are conducted at/soon after birth?
Universal hearing screening
Hip screening- clinical and USS
Metabolic- thyroid, MCCAD, PKU, haemoglobinopathies
In the newborn exam, what is assessed at the head?
In the newborn exam, what is assessed at the eyes?
Squints - frequent
In the newborn exam, what is assessed at the ears?
External auditory canal
Family history of hearing loss
In the newborn exam, what is assessed at the mouth?
In the newborn exam, what is assessed at the face?
In the newborn exam, what parts of the respiratory system are assessed?
In the newborn exam, what parts of the cardiovascular system are assessed?
Saturation – SaO2
In the newborn exam, what parts of the GI system are assessed?
Moves with respiration
Bile stained vomiting
Passage of meconuim
In the newborn exam, what parts of the genitourinary system are assessed?
Normal passage of urine
In the newborn exam, what parts of the musculoskeletal system are assessed?
Limbs and digits
In the newborn exam, what parts of the neurological system are assessed?