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Flashcards in High Yield Vitamins Deck (15):
1

Vitamin A toxicity

Athralgias

Headaches

Skin changes

Tertogenic

 

2

Three enzymes dependant upon vitamin B1

Thiamine needed by:

Pyruvate dehydrogenase

alpha-ketogluterate dyhydrogenase

Thansketolase

3

Vatimin B2

Riboflavin

4

Roboflavin is a requirement of these types of reactions

Oxidation-reduction (FAD/FADH2)

FAD-->Flavin

5

Riboflavin deficiency

cheilosis

corneal vascularization

6

Niacin derved from ______ so it is deficient in ________.

Tryptophan --> deficient uptake in hartnup disease

7

Synthesis requires B6 and B2

Niacin

8

Niacin deficiency results in

Dermatitis

Dimentia

Diarrhea

Death

9

Forms essential component of CoA

Pentothenate

10

Needed by liver enzymes (AST and ALT), decarboxylation reactions and glycogen phosphorylase

Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)

11

How does vitamin B6 deficiency cause convulsions, hyperirritability, and peripheral neuropathy?

B6 needed for the synthesis of GABA--> deficiency in GABA

12

Vitamin needed in carboxylation reactions

Vitamin B7 (Biotin)

13

Dermatitis, alopecia and abdominal pain

Biotin deficiency

-->can be caused by excess egg whites which stongly bind biotin

14

Vitamin B9

Folic acid

15

Alpha-tocpherol deficiency

Vitamin E deficiency

Results in free radical damage to erythrocytes