MSK/SKIN/CT Final Details Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MSK/SKIN/CT Final Details Deck (28):
1

Layers of the epidermis

Corneum

Lucidum

Granulosum

Spinosum

Basal

Californians like girls in string bikinis

A image thumb
2

Cell-to-cell junctions that rely upon Ca2+

Cadhereins

(Calcium adereins)

Loss of which promotes metastasis (invasive ductal carcinoma is common example)

3

Carpal bones

Most commonly fractured?

Most commonly dislocated?

So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb

Scaphoid, lunate, triquetrium, pisiform, hammate, capitate, trapezoid, trapezium

Most commonly fractured: scaphoid

Most commonly dislocated: lunate

A image thumb
4

Function of the musculocutaneous nerve

flexion at the elbow

5

fracture of the surgucal neck of the humerous will damage what nerve and artery

Axillary nerve and posteriorcircumflex humeral artery

6

compression of the radial artery by a crust will cause what symptoms?

Wrist drop

7

Compression of the median nerve results in what musclular defect?

Dysfunction in wrist flexors and thumb opposition (hand of benediction)

8

Raidal nerve innervates what four sets of muscles?

Brachioradialis

Extensors of the wrist

Supinator

Triceps

9

cervical rib compression of lower brachial plexus can result in what presentation?

C8-T1 compression causing klumpke palsy with a reduced distal pulse

10

cause of ulnar claw?

Inability to extend 4th and 5th digits at the DIP and PIP

Lumbrical parlysis

11

Knee trauma like a PCL tear can cause damage to what structure?

Tibial Artery which is fixed on either side of the popliteal fossa

12

Soap bubble appearence of bone with multinucleated giant cells?

Giant cell tumor

Osteoclastoma (because osteoclasts are multinucleatd giant cells)

13

Periosteal elevation on the distal femur

Osteosarcoma

14

Onion skin appearnce in the bone is associated with what translocation

t(11;22)

Ewing sarcoma

Tx with dactinomycin

15

Malignant, shiny, cartilagenous tumor

Chondrosarcoma

16

Can't see, can't spit, can't climb shit

Sjogrens

Anti-Ro and Anti-La (SS-A and SS-B)

17

What kind of crystals in pseudogout?

Calcium pyrophosphate

Rhomboid and + birefringence

18

Elevated ACE with bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy

Sarcoidosis

19

temoral arteritis with joint pain and stiffness in the shoulders and hips

Polymyalgia rhematica

Tx: low dose corticosteroids

20

Discrete tenderpoints in a yound woman with widespread MSK pain?

Fibromyalgia

21

progressive symmetric proximal muscle weakness characterized by endomesial inflammation with CD8+ t cells

Polymyositis

22

Polymyositis with a malar rash and grottens papules on knuckles

Dermatomyositis

23

Ab present in both dermato- and polymyositis

Anti-jo-1

24

deposits of IgA at the tips of dermal papilla

Dermatitis herpetiformis--> Celiac Dz

25

Inital patch followed by a rash that follows eipdermal lines

Pityriasis rosea

26

Yellow crusting skin ifection caused by what bug

S. aureus and S. pyogenese

27

Yellow crusting with blisters

Bullous impetigo caused by S. aureus

28

Leukotriene which is a strong chemotacitc agent

LTB4