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Flashcards in History: chapter 11 test Deck (48):
1

Which of the following was not a cause of World War I?

american isolationism

2

where did the assassination that triggered World War I occur?

Bosnia

3

What caused widespread starvation in Germany?

the british blockade

4

What did the United States use to overcome the threat of German U-Boats?

convoys (groups) of guarded ships

5

Which of the following was a result of the Selective Service Act?

men were required to register for military service

6

which weapons mechanized warfare were introduced in World War I?

airplanes and tanks

7

which nations suffered the fewest casualties?

France / United States

8

which of the following nations was not a member of the "big 4"?

Russia

9

who rejected wilson's "14 point" peace plan?

allied leaders

10

What reason did senators give for opposing u.s. membership in the League of Nations?

it would drag the United States into european conflicts

11

in which country did most of the fighting shown on this map take place?

France

12

Which neutral country lies between France and Germany?

Luxembourg

13

Through which 3 countries does the river meuse flow?

France, Belgium, Netherlands

14

which physical feature marks the northwestern border of the battlefront?

the English Channel

15

What was the length of the entire western front in september 1914?

about 400 miles

16

True or false. NATIONALISM in Europe, a policy under which nations built up their armed forces, was a major causes of World War I.

False. Militarism

17

True or False. The invasion of BELGIUM began the active fighting in the war.

true

18

True or False. For more than 3 years, the major form of fighting on the western front was AIR COMBAT.

false. trench warfare

19

True or False. U-boats were German BATTLESHIPS.

false. submarines

20

True or False. The Zimmermann note suggested an alliance between Germany and MEXICO. After defeating Russia on the eastern front, the central powers concentrated on fighting in France.

true

21

True or False. After defeating RUSSIA on the eastern front, the central powers concentrated on fighting in France.

true

22

True or False. Wilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd George, and Orlando were referred to as the "CENTRAL POWERS"

false. "big 4"

23

True or False. The event known as the great migration increased the AFRICAN-AMERICAN population of Northern cities.

true

24

True or False. Woodrow Wilson's "14 points" speech described his WAR plan.

false. peace

25

True or False. Daylight-savings time was instituted as a means of CONSERVING FUEL.

true

26

Which of the following is not an example of mechanized warfare?
A) machine guns
B) the big Bertha cannon
C) tanks
D) U-boats
E) all are examples

all are examples

27

which of the following was not a method by which americans conserved for the war effort?

sweetless saturdays

28

which was part of the 14 points?

Austria-Hungary would become 2 distinct countries

29

True or False. ALVIN YORK was the first U.S. flying "ace" in World War I.

False. Rickenbacker

30

True or False. The BRITISH blockade was responsible for the FRANCE blockade.

False. german and France

31

True or False. The battles of the Marne and Somme were fought in GERMANY.

true

32

True or False. GEORGE CREEL was the former spanish-american war hero who led american doughboys in the AEF during WWI.

False. Alvin York

33

True or False. WOMAN took over new roles and jobs stateside while men were off fighting.

true

34

The espionage and sedition acts affected freedom of speech because they..

punished people who spoke out against the government

35

Who was heir to the Austria-Hungary throne and assassinated in Serbia, triggering the start of WWI

Franz Ferdinand

36

What nickname was given to American Soldiers in WWI?

Doughboys

37

What was the name of the WWI alliance that included Germany, Austria-hungary, and the Ottoman Empire?

triple alliance

38

Because militarism had been a major cause of the war, the framers of the treaty of versailles did all of the following except?

allowed Germany to come to peace meetings

39

The war might have involved only 2 nations, Austria-Hungary and Serbia, if not for...

the alliance system dragging other countries into the conflict

40

In which directions did German troops advance into France?

south and west

41

On September 5th 1914, how far from paris were the closest German troops?

about 10 miles

42

Paris is located nearest the junction of which 2 rivers ?

Marne and Seine

43

What does this poster ask young men to do?

to join the U.S. marines and be first in defense on land or sea

44

What are the soldiers in this photograph doing?

fighting

45

According to these journal entries, what hardships did soldiers face at the battlefront.

Many men were killed or wounded. They were in hot barrages every morning and evening. They were getting sick (fever and dysentery). They had dead horses, irregular meals, bad water, insufficient coverings, muscle tensions, shell shock, lice. They had to lay on the ground.

46

During WWI, how did the image of war presented in posters differ from soldiers' actual experiences?

It differed because the image in the poster probably was only a few things that they went through because they most likely went through way more hardships than that. In the article it only listed a few diseases that they experienced but they could of went through more because they laid on the ground so they could have gotten really sick.

47

What do you think people today can learn from the long-term results of the treaty of versailles?

When the nations the big 4 and the leaders were apart of were defeated, they gathered in the hall of mirrors in the palace of Versailles and signed the peace treaty hoping it would create stability. Instead it caused anger in them.

The treaty didn't benefit Germany at all. It barred them, it required them to return the region of Alsace-Lorraine to France, and it required them to pay reparations (war damages) that they had to pay $33 million to the allies. It humiliated Germany and forced them to take responsibly for starting the war when the Europeans were the ones provoking the diplomatic crises'. Germany couldn't pay that huge financial reparation because their colonial possessions in the pacific (that could of helped them pay) were taken away.

Last, the Russians fought beside the allies in the war and had the most casualties than any other nation. But the allies excluded them from the peace conference. So even though the peace treaty was targeting Germany, Russia lost more territory than they did. That's what people can learn today from results of the treaty of Versailles.

48

In what ways was WWI different from earlier wars in which the United States had been involved?

When the U.S. fought in war they used many new weapons. They used the convoy system that consisted of cruisers, defensive boundaries, destroyers, merchant ships, and U-boats. They used airplanes and tanks, machine guns, pistols, and others. Different people, countries, and allies fought in wars that the U.S. fought in. Germany fought, France, Europe, and the doughboys. Some of the wars took place in Germany and France and Europe. And many people died. They had many causalities but the United States had the fewest. Thats what different between wars that the U.S. fought in the ones they didn't.