History: chapter 14 test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in History: chapter 14 test Deck (31):
1

Which of the following increased in the 1920s?

Farmers' debts

2

Which was not a cause of the great depression?

a growing number of homeless people

3

Which was not a cause of the dust bowl?

thick layers of prairie grassess

4

After the stock market crash, how did president Hoover try to help the economy?

by asking businesses not to lay off employees

5

Who made up the bonus army that marched on washington?

World War I veterans and their families

6

Which candidates ran for president in 1932?

Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt

7

What does buying a stock on margin mean?

borrowing money to help pay for the stock

8

Which of the following was not an effect of the great depression?

many people started farming

9

What name was given to the men and boys who rode the rails as they searched for works?

hoboes

10

Which of the following describes a government system for giving payments or food to the poor?

direct relief

11

The dust bowl included which state?

kansas

12

What city in california probably received a large number of dust bowl immigrants?

bakersfield

13

From north to south, what was the length of the area of damage during the dust bowl period?

about 1,100 miles

14

Roughly what fraction of the land area of the united states was damaged during the dust bowl period?

1/5

15

In which region did most of the damage from the dust bowl occur?

the great plains

16

True/False. Black tuesday was the day that PRESIDENT HOOVER FORCED THE BONUS ARMY TO DISBAND.

False. when the bottom of the stock market fell out

17

True/False. An unintended effect of the Hawley-smoot tariff act was a substantial DECREASE IN U.S. EXPORTS.

true

18

True/False. American industries first began to show signs of economic trouble AFTER 1929.

true

19

True/False. The main purpose of the reconstruction finance corporation was to give emergency help to FARMERS.

False. Banks, railroads, and large businesses

20

True/False. The stock market crash of 1929 was fueled by PRICE SUPPORTS, unwise investments that people hoped would make them rich overnight.

False. Margin Mean

21

True/False. During the depression, many children suffered from DIET-RELATED DISEASES.

true

22

True/False. One indicator of a weak economy in the 1920s was a decline in HOUSING STARTS.

true

23

What led to the dust storms and damage in the area shown on the map?

The damage and dust storms were caused by drought and the fact that farmers had plowed up the dense prairie grasses. When drought destroyed the crops, there was nothing to hold the soil and underlying sand in place, so it was scattered by the winds.

24

What geographic feature may have protected the pacific coast from the dust bowl?

If westerly winds overlook the dust bowl storms, the Rocky Mountains may have protected the pacific coast.

25

According to this recollection, what hardships did working class families experience during the depression?

They had little money to buy food and thus ate less or ate foods of low quality. They lived without fuel for heating and cooking and without light. Their cars and homes were repossessed by creditors, and they were forced to move to more affordable housing.

26

During the depression, what did many african americans living in New York City do to help pay the rent?

They rented out their beds, and even their bathtubs, to others who needed a place to sleep.

27

According to this letter, how did unemployed people feel toward the hoover administration? why?

Unemployed people fell angry and impatient toward the Hoover administration because they were still experiencing hard times after 2 years. This anger was underscored by the contrast between the incomes of the rich and poor.

28

How were people's day to day lives affected by long lasting unemployment during the Great Depression?

People went hungry so they ate thrown away food or bought cheaper foods, and some starved to death. People lost their homes or were forced to cheaper shelter, which was often run down. people lived without light, running water, and fuel. Living in reduced circumstances changed people's outlooks. Working class people began to feel poor , many people became depressed, and others became angry at the federal government for its failures to help people.

29

True/False. During the depression, charitable organizations tried to help the urban poor by opening SOUP KITCHENS.

true

30

True/False. President Hoover SUPPORTED direct belief.

False. did not support

31

True/False. The farmers and sharecroppers who left the dust bowl to find work in the west were known as HOBOES.

True