History: Chapter 25 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in History: Chapter 25 Test Deck (32):
1

During the early 1980s, conservatives objected to what they believed were excesses in

government regulation.

2

The Strategic Defense Initiative was an extremely costly

missile defense system.

3

In the 1980s, reports on education revealed that U.S. schools were

performing worse than those of most other industrialized nations.

4

During Reagan’s presidency, federal spending increased most for

defense and the military.

5

Fundamentalist Christian leader and televangelist Jerry Falwell formed the organization called

the Moral Majority

6

President Reagan made a point of appointing administrators to the Environmental Protection Agency who were sympathetic to

business interests.

7

People who believe that reverse discrimination is a problem are worried about discrimination against

white people.

8

Presidents Reagan and Bush were most successful in meeting their goal of

making the Supreme Court more conservative.

9

When George H. W. Bush ran for president in 1988, his opponent was

Michael Dukakis.

10

People who support pay equity argue that women should be paid

the same as men for doing the same jobs.

11

This former Soviet republic is the largest shown on the map.

Russia

12

This country is bordered on the north by the Baltic Sea, Denmark, and the North Sea.

Germany

13

This former Soviet republic is bordered by Romania and the Ukraine.

Moldova

14

This nation is the northernmost of the former Soviet republics.

Estonia

15

This country borders the Black Sea but does not share a border with a former Soviet republic.

Bulgaria

16

What has happened to the Reagan administration officials in the cartoon on the left?

Their noses have grown.

17

What does this suggest about the documents they are writing?

The documents contain lies.

18

The cartoon on the right shows President Reagan and Iran’s leader, Ayatollah Khomeini. How does Reagan seem to feel about having Khomeini on his back?

worried

19

What is the main idea of the cartoon on the left?

The Reagan administration was dishonest about the Iran-Contra affair.

20

What is the main idea of the cartoon on the right?

The Iran-Contra affair was a burden on Reagan and his presidency.

21

What did the Reagan administration do to create a more conservative federal government? How did some Americans fight against this conservatism?
Think About:
• Reaganomics and government deregulation
• presidential Supreme Court appointees
• the goals of minority groups

Reagan created a more conservative government by appointing conservatives to federal judgeships, approving tax cuts that benefited traditionally conservative business interests, cutting government spending on social programs, opposing affirmative action and other civil rights programs, and deregulating business. Some Americans fought back by insisting that such issues as pay equity, abortion rights, affirmative action, day care, bilingualism, and Indian self-determination remain on the public agenda. Women and minorities also made greater efforts to elect political representatives from their respective groups. Native Americans fought and won the right to use gambling casinos as a means to gain economic self-determination.

22

Identify two main social concerns of the 1980s and explain why Americans focused their attention on each. Think About:
• health issues
• education
• equality for minorities

Such health issues as AIDS and drug abuse attracted the attention of the American public because these problems were spreading rapidly through American society. The abortion issue began in 1973 with Roe v. Wade and continued to divide the American public into a “pro-life” sect and a “pro-choice” sect. Education began to concern Americans when a 1983 federal report showed that American students lagged behind those in most other industrialized nations. The equal rights struggle was fueled by women and minorities, including African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and homosexuals. As these minority groups filled a larger percentage of the American population, they fought for equal rights and to end discrimination.

23

This nation’s leader was overthrown by U.S. troops and tried for drug trafficking.

Panama

24

This nation’s leader introduced glasnost and perestroika.

Soviet Union

25

Although this nation’s government received foreign aid from the Carter administration, the Reagan administration aided those rebelling against it.

Nicaragua

26

In the early 1990s, this nation dissolved after 74 years as a major world power.

Soviet Union

27

This nation’s ties to Cuba led to a U.S. invasion during the Reagan administration.

Grenada

28

This nation’s leaders ordered a brutal crackdown on demonstrators gathered in Tiananmen Square.

China

29

This nation approved the START II treaty with Russia

United States

30

This nation invaded a neighboring country and claimed major oil fields, provoking the United States to declare war.

Iraq

31

This nation was torn apart by a brutal civil war between Muslims, Orthodox Serbs, and Roman Catholic Croats.

Yugoslavia

32

The Reagan administration secretly sold military weapons to this nation in the hope of obtaining the release of U.S. hostages.

Iran