History: chapter 13 test Flashcards Preview

History > History: chapter 13 test > Flashcards

Flashcards in History: chapter 13 test Deck (68):
1

It was difficult to enforce the laws governing prohibition for all of the following reasons except...

prohibition banned only alcoholic beverages manufactured in the United States

2

to obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went underground to hidden nightclubs known as...

speakeasies

3

the harlem renaissance refers to...

a celebration of african-american culture in literature and art

4

John T. Scopes challenged a Tennessee law that forbade the teaching of...

evolution

5

fundamentalists believed that...

the bible should be taken literally

6

double standard refers to....

stricter and moral standard for women than for men in the 1920s

7

F. Scott Fitzgerald described the 1920 as the...

jazz age

8

Charles Lindbergh was famous as a...

pilot

9

The NAACP did all of the following except...

propose that african americans move back to Africa

10

Jazz music was born in New Orleans and was spread to the north by such musicians as....

louis armstrong

11

by what percent did the population of african americans in Louisiana change between 1890 and 1920?

-11%

12

by what percent did the african american population change in New York?

+1%

13

what did Tennessee, Kentucky, and North Carolina have in common during the period represented on the map?

all experienced a decrease in percentage of african american population

14

which state had the largest percent increase in its african american population?

West Virginia

15

what trend does this map illustrate?

the movement of African Americans to the north

16

What percentage of the population in 1929 had a gross income between $3,000 and $3,999?

8 percent

17

which group of income earners had an average income of $6,327?

top 20%

18

the top 20% of the population earned 54.4% of all income earned in 1929. what % did the bottom 40% earn?

12.5%

19

in 1929, much more did the average family in the top 20% earn than the average family in the bottom 40%?

$5602

20

what % of all income was earned by the 3rd 20% of income earners?

13.8%

21

True / False. The people who most strongly supported prohibition tended to live in URBAN areas.

False. rural

22

True/False. The "double standard" of the 1920s refers to the fact that women were judged by STRICTER standards than men were.

true

23

True/False. Fundamentalists in the 1920s supported a literal interpretation of the CONSTITUTION.

False. bible

24

True/False. Prominent writers of the 1920s, both black and white, tended to hold a CRITICAL view if the U.S. society.

true

25

True/False. The largest population increases during the 1920s occurred in America's SUBURBS.

False. cities

26

True/False. WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN defended John Scopes in the famous Scopes trial of 1925.

False. Clarence Darrow

27

True/False. The NAACP was founded by Marcus Garvey.

False. UNIA

28

True/False. SINCLAIR LEWIS, the first american to win a Nobel Prize in literature, wrote the novel Babbitt.

True

29

True/False. AMELIA EARHART was the first person to complete a non-stop solo flight across the atlantic.

False. Charles Lindbergh

30

True/False. FLAPPERS were emancipated young women who embraced new fashions and urban attitudes of the day.

true

31

__ Marked the works of many famous writers of the 1920s, including the lost generation.

Critical views of american culture

32

Except for __, all of the following were more likely to approve of prohibition in the 1920s and early 1930.

recent immigrants

33

__ increased during the 1920s.

the crime rate

34

The "great migration" of 1910-1920 refers to the movement of...

African americans from the south to northern cities

35

The main significance of the trial of John T. Scopes was that...

it highlighted the struggle between science and religion in american schools.

36

Except for __, alcohol caused all of the following, according to most fundamentalists.

evangelism

37

except for __, all of the following allowed women to shed old roles in the 1920s.

work opportunities provided by the new industrial economy

38

concert music composer __ was influenced by both the music of ___ and traditional music.

George Gershwin
Louis Armstrong

39

Ernest Hemingway, author of the sun also rises, introduced...

a simplified style of writing

40

The ___ fought for legislation to protect african american rights under the leadership of ___.

NAACP
James Weldon Johnson

41

This was defended at the scopes trial

Fundamentalism

42

He was called as a witness in the scopes trial.

William Jennings Bryan

43

This was someone who provided illegal alcohol.

bootlegger

44

One of the effects of this was a rise in organized crime.

prohibition

45

This describes the era after the 18th amendment went into effect.

prohibition

46

The government failed to budget enough men and money to enforce this.

prohibition

47

The american civil liberties union hired him to represent John T. Scopes.

Clarence Darrow

48

This was an "underground" saloon or nightclub where liquor was sold illegally.

speakeasy

49

This protestant movement was grounded in the literal, word for word, interpretation of the bible.

the scopes trial

50

A flapper was a young woman who....

• Seemed casual and independent
• Often smoked and drank in public
• Wore short skirts
• Rejected traditionalist values of the 19th century
• Openly discussed courtship and relationships
• Suffered from a double standard

51

In the 1920s, women in the workplace found that....

• Many assembly-line jobs were available
• Some previously "men only" jobs were available to them
• Most paid workers were still men

52

In the 1920s, women at home found that...

• More ready-made foods and clothing were available
• Their children spent most of their days at school and in organized activities
• They experienced greater equality in marriage

53

This artist produced intensely colored canvases that captured the grandeur of New York.

George O'Keefe

54

Gene Tunney defeated this former heavy weight champion in what was called the "fight of the century."

Jack Dempsey

55

He was a small-town pilot who made the first nonstop solo flight across the atlantic.

Charles A. LindBergh

56

This composer merged traditional elements of music with american jazz.

George Gershwin

57

This writer's poems celebrated youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional restraints.

Edna St. Vincent Millay

58

In This Side of Paradise and The Great Gatsby, this novelist portrayed wealthy people leading to hopelessly empty lives.

F. Scott Fitzgerald

59

Wounded in WWI, this writer criticized the glorification of war and introduced a tough, simplified style of writing that set a new literary standard.

Ernest Hemingway

60

The first american to win a nobel prize for literature, he used the character in Babbitt to mock americans for their conformity and materialism.

Sinclair Lewis

61

This black nationalist association was founded by Marcus Garvey.

Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)

62

This was a literary and artistic movement that celebrated African American Culture.

Harlem Renaissance

63

Among the founders of this association was W.E.B. Du Bois.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

64

In 1927, this singer became the highest paid black artist in the world.

Bessie Smith

65

This major dramatic actor's performance in Shakespeare's "Othello" was widely acclaimed.

Paul Robeson

66

In many of her novels, books of folklore, poetry, and short stories, this writer portrayed the lives of poor, unschooled Southern African Americans.

Zora Neale Hurston

67

This jazz pianist and composer won fame as one of America's greatest composers. he wrote such pieces as "Mood Indigo" and "Sophisticated Lady."

Duke Ellington

68

This trumpet player's astounding sense of rhythm and ability to improvise has led many to consider him the single most important and influential musician in the history of jazz.

Louis Armstrong