Flashcards in History Chapters 1-4 Deck (26)
When was Jamestown established?
What was Jamestown?
a joint stock company with a charter granted by King James. It became the first permanent English settlement in the New World
When was the first representative government established?
What is the House of Burgesses now called?
The General Assembly of Virginia
What did the settlers come looking for?
Who was their first leader?
Who did Smith trade with?
Who saved Jamestown?
What did the king establish in 1618?
head right system
What was the Triangular Trade?
the three way trading process
What was the second part of the Triangle Trade?
What is Bacon's Rebellion?
A Virginia planter named Nathaniel Bacon hated the Native Americans. When the governor of Virginia ignored the pleas for protective forts to be built in western Virginia, the newly formed army of volunteers under Bacon's control went to fight the governor.
Why did Puritan Pilgrims flee from Europe?
to escape religious persecution
Who were the Puritan Pilgrims led by?
What was the Mayflower compact?
a document that established a civil government with "just and equal laws for the general good of the colony"
Who led Massachusetts Bay?
What was a dissenter?
someone who disagreed
Who was Roger Williams?
a dissenter who did not believe that government should punish someone for religious reasons
Who was Anne Hutchinson?
a dissenter who taught that worshipping neither church not ministers was needed to interpret the bible. She was banned from Massachusetts Bay colony and went to Rhode Island and later helped establish what is present-day New York
New England Colonies?
What is Mercantilism?
a country's goal to be self-sufficient
What was the Enlightenment?
an intellectual movement that started in Europe and came to the colonies in 1700
What was the Great Awakening?
a religious revival that developed in the colonies in the 1730''s and 40's