History Chapters 1-4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in History Chapters 1-4 Deck (26):
0

When was Jamestown established?

1607

1

What was Jamestown?

a joint stock company with a charter granted by King James. It became the first permanent English settlement in the New World

2

When was the first representative government established?

1619

3

What is the House of Burgesses now called?

The General Assembly of Virginia

4

What did the settlers come looking for?

gold

5

Who was their first leader?

John Smith

6

Who did Smith trade with?

Powhatan

7

Who saved Jamestown?

John Rolfe

8

What did the king establish in 1618?

head right system

9

What was the Triangular Trade?

the three way trading process

10

What was the second part of the Triangle Trade?

middle passage

11

What is Bacon's Rebellion?

A Virginia planter named Nathaniel Bacon hated the Native Americans. When the governor of Virginia ignored the pleas for protective forts to be built in western Virginia, the newly formed army of volunteers under Bacon's control went to fight the governor.

12

Why did Puritan Pilgrims flee from Europe?

to escape religious persecution

13

Who were the Puritan Pilgrims led by?

William Bradford

14

What was the Mayflower compact?

a document that established a civil government with "just and equal laws for the general good of the colony"

15

Who led Massachusetts Bay?

John Winthrop

16

What was a dissenter?

someone who disagreed

17

Who was Roger Williams?

a dissenter who did not believe that government should punish someone for religious reasons

18

Who was Anne Hutchinson?

a dissenter who taught that worshipping neither church not ministers was needed to interpret the bible. She was banned from Massachusetts Bay colony and went to Rhode Island and later helped establish what is present-day New York

19

New England Colonies?

New Hampshire
Massachusetts
Connecticut
Rhode Island

20

Middle Colonies

New York
Pennsylvania
New Jersey
Delaware

21

Southern Colonies

Virrginia
Maryland
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia

22

What is Mercantilism?

a country's goal to be self-sufficient

23

What was the Enlightenment?

an intellectual movement that started in Europe and came to the colonies in 1700

24

What was the Great Awakening?

a religious revival that developed in the colonies in the 1730''s and 40's

25

Who was George Whitefield?

Puritan minister and leader of the Great Awakening