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Flashcards in Whos who and supplementaal vocab Deck (86):
1

Jean Piaget

development psychologist, development of intelligence in children

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Sigmund Freud

father of psychoanalysis; emphasized unconscious drives

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Albert Bandura

social learning theory, Bobo doll experiment, observational learninig

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Carl Rogers

father of client centered therapy; famous humanist

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Stanley Schachter

2 factor theory of emotional experience

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Edward Thornndike

behaviorrist- formulated the Law of Effect

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Abraham Maslow

humanist scientist- hierarchy of needs

8

Gordon Allport

one of the first psychologists to study personality (trait approach)

9

Erik erikson

neoreudian. 8 stage model of psychosocial development

10

William James

Wrote first Principles of Psychology text; founder of Pragmatsm

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Raymond Cattell

developed theory of fluid and crystallized intellifences; 16pf test

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Raymond Watson

founded behaviorist school of psychology, worked with Baby Albert

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Kurt Lewin

founder of modern social psychology

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Carl Jung

neofreudian; developed theory of collective unconscious, MBTI test

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Ian Pavlov

discovered classical conditioning

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Harry Harlow

importance of maternal contact for infants

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Lawrence Kohlberg

studied development of moral reasoning in children and adolescents

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Martin Seligman

studied depression, helplessness, optimism vs. pessimism

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Noam Chomsky

linguistic and psychology: innate "language acquisition device"

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Solomon Asch

Pioneer of social psychology, conformity experiments

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Stanley Milgram

social psychology: obedience/shock experiments

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David Wechsler

developed best known intelligence scales :WAIS and WISC

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Joseph wolpe

Behaviorist: known for systematic desensitization

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Konrad Lorenz

studied group behavior patterns: best known for imprinting

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Alfred Adler

neofreudian, founder of individual psychology, emph. social forces

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Gary Cannon

Cannon-Bard theory of emotion

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Wilhelm Wundt

father of experimental psychology; established first experimental lab

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Hermann Rorschach

psychoanalyst who developed inkblot test to probe unconscious

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Philip Zimbardo

social psychologist, Stanford Prison experiment

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Paul Ekman

studied facial expressions; 6 universal emotions across cultures

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Edward Tichener

structuralism; a student in Wundt's lab

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John Garcia

demonstrated conditioned taste aversion; immediate conditioning

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Edward Tolman

discovered latent learning

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Benjamin Whorf

language influences thought; linguistic relativity

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Hans Selye

defined "fight or flight" stress response, General adaptive syndrome

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LEv Vygotsky

opposed Piaget; cognitive development occurs by inner speech

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Elisabeth Kubler-Ross

described the stages of death/dying and the grief response

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Mary Ainsworth

attachment patterns: secure, insecure, avoidant, disorganized

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Diana Baumrind

3 parenting styles: authortarian, authroitative, permissive

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anecdotal evidence

persona stories re: specific incidents, experiences

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extraneous variables

variables other than the IV that are likely to influence the Dv

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response set

tendency to respond to a question in a way unrelated to the content of the questions

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social desirability bias

tendency to give socially desirable answers to questions about oneself

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statistical significance

when the probability of the observed findings being due only to chance is very low

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type I error

concluding a relationship exists when really there is none

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type 2 error

concluding there is NO relationship when in fact there is

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Null hypothesis

the treatment will have NO eFFECT in an experiment

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alternative hypothesis

the treatment DID have an effect in the experiment

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channel

the medium through which a message is sent

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ethnocentrism

the tendency to view one's own group as superior to others

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lowball technique

getting someone to commit to an attractive proposition before revealing the hidden costs

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Hawthorne effect

behaving different because you know you are being observed

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rosenthal effect

when students perform UP to their expectation

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inclusive fitness

sum of an individuals own reproductive success plus the effect it is has on the reproductive success of relatives

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parental investment

what each sex invests- time ernegy, survival risks- to produce and nurture offspring

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perceptual asymmetries

left/right imbalances between hemispheres in the speed of visual/auditory processing

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polyandry

each female seeks to mate with multiple males, while males mate with only one female

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lateral hypothalamus

the "on" switch for hunger/weight; lesion decreases hunger

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ventromedial hypothalamus

"off" switch; VM lesion would cause obesity

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apraxia

damage to association area responsible for organizing movements

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agnosia

damage to association area responsible for processing sensory input

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alexia

damage to association area responsible for reading

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agraphia

damage to association area responsible for writing

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animism

the belief that all things are living

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centration

tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects

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dishabituation

when a new stimulus increases the strength of a habituated response

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meta-analysis

combining the stATISTICAL RESULTS OF MANY STUDIES; yields an estimate of a variables size/constancy

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cephalocaudal trend

the head to foot direction of motor development

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proximodistal trend

the center to outward direction of motor development

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additive color mixing

forming colors by superimposing lights

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basilar membrane

structure along the inside of the cochlea that holds the hair cells (auditory receptors)

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comparitors

people, objects, events, standards used as a baseline when comparing/making judgements

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door in the face

making a large request, likely to be turned down, to increase the chances to get a smaller request later on

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feature analysis

process of detecting specific elements in visual input and assembling them into a more complex form

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feature detectors

neurons that respond selectively to very specific features of a complex stimuli

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fechners law

larger and larger increases in stimulus intensity are required to produce perceptible increments in the degree of sensation

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fovea

tiny spot in the center of the retina with only cones

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lateral antagonism

when neural activity in a cell opposes activity in the surrounding cells

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motion parallax

depth cue involving objects at different distances moving across the retina at different rates

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optic chiasm

the point at which the optic nerves cross over and project to the opposite half of the brain

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receptive field of a visual cell

the retinal area that, when stimulated, affects the firing of that cell

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visual agnosia

an inability to recognize objects

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volley principle

theory groups of auditory nerve fibers fire neural impulses in rapid succession

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stereopsis

using both eyes to see things in 3D

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law of pragnanz

we see objects in their simplest forms

86

BF skinner

behaviorist, started science of operant conditioning