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Flashcards in supplemental vocab Deck (59)
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1

electromyograph

records muscle activity/tension

2

electroculograph

records eye movements

3

MDMA

"ecstacy"- amphetamine and hallucinogen together

4

melatonin

key neurochemical for sleep

5

avoidance learning

learning as a result of responses that prevent aversive stimuli from occurring

6

higher-order conditioning

when a CS functions as if it were an UCS

7

instinctive drift

tendency for innate responses to interfere with conditioning processes

8

instrumental learning

operant conditioning

9

anterograde amnesia

memory loss for things that happen after the time of a head injury

10

dual-coding theory

memory is enhanced by forming semantic and visual codes

11

encoding specificity principle

the value of a retrieval cue depends on how well it corresponds to the memory code

12

episodic memory system

time-dated recollections of personal experiences

13

levels-of-processing theory

deeper levels of mental processing result in longer-lasting memory codes

14

reality distributed processing

cognitive processes depend on patterns of activation of neural networks

15

reality monitoring

process of deciding whether our memories are based on external perceptions or internal (imagination)

16

source-monitoring error

when memory is misattributed

17

prosody

the rhythm, pressure and tone of speech

18

deviation IQ Scores

scores that locate subjects precisely within the normal distribution

19

reaction range

genetically determined limits on IQ or other traits

20

reification

giving an abstract concept a name and treating it as if it were a concrete object

21

androgens

gonad hormones in males

22

galvanic skin response

increase in electrical conductivity of skin in response to an increase in sweat gland activity

23

hedonic adaptation

when you change your "baseline" fr determining what is pleasant-unpleasant

24

set-point theory

consumption and energy expenditure

25

vasocongestion

engorgement of blood vessels

26

animism

the belief that all things are living

27

centration

the tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem neglecting other important aspects

28

dishabituation

when a new stimulus increase the strength of a habituated response

29

meta-analysis

combining the statistical results of many studies

30

cephalocaudal trend

head to foot direction of motor development