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Flashcards in supplemental vocab Deck (59):
1

electromyograph

records muscle activity/tension

2

electroculograph

records eye movements

3

MDMA

"ecstacy"- amphetamine and hallucinogen together

4

melatonin

key neurochemical for sleep

5

avoidance learning

learning as a result of responses that prevent aversive stimuli from occurring

6

higher-order conditioning

when a CS functions as if it were an UCS

7

instinctive drift

tendency for innate responses to interfere with conditioning processes

8

instrumental learning

operant conditioning

9

anterograde amnesia

memory loss for things that happen after the time of a head injury

10

dual-coding theory

memory is enhanced by forming semantic and visual codes

11

encoding specificity principle

the value of a retrieval cue depends on how well it corresponds to the memory code

12

episodic memory system

time-dated recollections of personal experiences

13

levels-of-processing theory

deeper levels of mental processing result in longer-lasting memory codes

14

reality distributed processing

cognitive processes depend on patterns of activation of neural networks

15

reality monitoring

process of deciding whether our memories are based on external perceptions or internal (imagination)

16

source-monitoring error

when memory is misattributed

17

prosody

the rhythm, pressure and tone of speech

18

deviation IQ Scores

scores that locate subjects precisely within the normal distribution

19

reaction range

genetically determined limits on IQ or other traits

20

reification

giving an abstract concept a name and treating it as if it were a concrete object

21

androgens

gonad hormones in males

22

galvanic skin response

increase in electrical conductivity of skin in response to an increase in sweat gland activity

23

hedonic adaptation

when you change your "baseline" fr determining what is pleasant-unpleasant

24

set-point theory

consumption and energy expenditure

25

vasocongestion

engorgement of blood vessels

26

animism

the belief that all things are living

27

centration

the tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem neglecting other important aspects

28

dishabituation

when a new stimulus increase the strength of a habituated response

29

meta-analysis

combining the statistical results of many studies

30

cephalocaudal trend

head to foot direction of motor development

31

proximodistal trend

center-outward direction of motor development

32

Compensation

efforts to overcome imagined or real inferiorities by developing one's abilities

33

incongruence

the degree of disparity between one's self concept and one one's actual experience

34

phenomenological approach

idea that you have to appreciate a person's subjective experiences to truly understand their behavior

35

approach-approach conflict

conflict involving the choice between 2 attractive goals

36

approach-avoidance conflict

conflict re: whether to pursue a choice (goal) that has both attractive and unattractive aspects

37

constructive coping

the healthy efforts people make to deal with stressful events

38

psychosomatic diseases

actual, physical ailments that are caused at least in part by psychological factors

39

agoraphobia

fear of going out into public place

40

catatonic

unresponsive, from muscular rigidity to random motor activity

41

comorbidity

the coexistence of two or more disorders

42

concordance rate

the percent of twin pairs or other pairs of relatives that have the same disorder

43

conjunction fallacy

error in estimating that odds of 2 events occurring together are greater than the odds of either happening alone

44

conversion disorder

significant loss of physical function with no organic basis

45

cyclothymic disorder

chronic but mild symptoms of bipolar disturbance

46

dissociative fugue

loss of memory of your entire life along with your sense of personal identity

47

dysthymic disorder

chronic depression that is less severe than major depression

48

etiology

the apparent cause and developmental history of an illness

49

hypochondriasis

excessive preoccupation with health concerns and worry

50

somatization

diverse physical complains, psychological origin

51

somatoform

physical ailments with no organic basis

52

asperger syndrome

a less severe form of autism; impairment in social/emotional interactions

53

deinstitutionalization

transferring the treatment of the mentally ill from inpatient to community based care

54

lithium

drug used to control mood swings in bipolar disordered patients

55

regression towards mean

when people who score very high/low for a trait are retested and their new score comes closer to the average

56

spontaneous remission

recovery from a disorder marked by chronic tremors/involuntary movements

57

tardive dyskinesia

neurological disorder marked by chronic tremors/involuntary movements

58

gestalt therapy

combines physical and mental therapy; become aware and take responsibility for tensions between mind and body

59

Ascending Reticular Activating System

afferent fibers that influence physiological arousal