Hormones Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 205 > Hormones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hormones Deck (28):
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Thyroid gland


Thyroid Hormone TH

Calcitonin

3


Thyroid Hormone

TH

 


most tissues

regulates basil metabolism

4


Calcitonin


bone

reduces blood calcium

5


parathyroid gland

Parathyroid

PTH

6


parathyroid hormone

PTH


Bone

increases blood calcium

7


Adrenal gland

adrenaline

aldosterone

Cortisol

8


aldosterone


kidney

sodium and potassium regulation

9


cortisol


most tissues

regulates carbohydrate and fat metabolism

10


adrenaline


from medulla of adrenal gland

heart

increases heart rate

responds to stress

11


Pancreas


Insulin (beta cells)

glucagon (alpha cells)

12


Insulin


skeletal muscle, liver, adipose tissue

reduce blood sugar

13


glucagon


liver

increase blood sugar

14


Anterior Pituitary Gland


Follicle Stimulation Hormone  FSH

Luteinizing   LH

Thyroid Stimulation  TSH

Adrenocorticotropic  ACTH

Prolactin  PRL

Growth GH

 

15


Follicle stimulation Hormone

FSH


ovaries, testes

develope egg and sperm

16


Luteinizing

LH


ovaries

stimulates ovulation

17


Thyroid stimulation

TSH


thyroid gland

secretion of thyroid hormone

18


adrenocorticotropic

ACTH


adrenal cortex

secretion of cortisol

19


Prolactin

PRL


mammary glands, testes

milk synthesis

testosterone synthesis

20


Growth

GH


liver, bone, muscle, fat, cartilage

growth

maintenance

21


Posterior Pituitary gland


Antidiuretic  ADH

Oxytocin  OT

22


Antidiuretic

ADH


kidneys

water retention

23


Oxytocin

OT


uterus

stimulates labor contractions

24


Ovaries


estrogen (estrodiol)

progesterone

25


estrogen


females

2nd sex characteristics

26


progesterone


regulates menstrual cycle

27


testes


testosterone

28


testosterone


males

2nd sex characteristics