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Flashcards in Human Growth and Development part I Deck (55)
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1

Freud's stages are psychosexual while Erik Erikson's stages are
a. psychometric
b. psychodiagnostic
c. psychopharmacological
d. psychosocial

psychosocial

2

Freudian stages are:

Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital

3

Psychodiagnostic

Study of personality through interpretation of bx or nonverbal cues

4

Psychometric

Mental testing or measurement

5

Psychopharmacology

Effects that drugs have on psychological functions

6

In Freudian theory instincts are emphasized. Eric Erikson is an ego psychologist. Ego psychologists
a. emphasize id processes
b. refute the concept of the superego
c. believe in man's powers of reasoning to control bx
d. are sometimes known as radical behaviorists

c. believe in man's powers of reasoning to control bx

7

The only psychoanalyst who created a developmental theory which encompasses the entire life span was
a. Erik Erikson
b. Milton H Erickson
c. A. A. Brill
d. Jean Piaget

a. Erik Erikson

8

A. A. Brill

career

9

Milton H Erickson

brief psychotherapy and hypnosis

10

Jean Piaget

cognitive development in children

11

The statement, "the ego is depending on the id," would most likely reflect the work of
a. Erik Erikson
b. Sigmund Freud
c. Jay Haley
d. Arnold Lazarus, William Perry, and Robert Kegan

b. Sigmund Freud

12

William Perry

Adult cognitive development, stresses dualistic thinking common to teens in which things are conceptualized as good or bad or right and wrong.

13

Jean Piaget's theory has four stages. The correct order from stage 1 to stage 4 is
a. formal operations, concrete operations, preoperations, sensorimotor
b. formal operations, preoperations, concrete operations, sensorimotor
c. sensorimotor, preoperations, concrete operations, formal operations
d. concrete operations, sensorimotor, preoperations, formal operations

c. sensorimotor, preoperations, concrete operations, formal operations

babies start with sensory, old people are formal, pre comes before concrete

14

Some behavioral scientists have been critical of the Swiss child psychologist Jean Piaget's developmental research inasmuch as
a. he utilized the t test too frequently
b. he failed to check for type 1 or alpha errors
c. he worked primarily with minority children
d. his findings were often derived from observing his own children

d. his own kids

utilized games and interviews

15

Alfred Binet

French, created the first intelligence test

16

A tall skinny pitcher of water is emptied into a small squatty pitcher. A child indicates that she feels the small pitcher has less water. The child has not yet mastered
a. symbolic schema
b. conservation
c. androgynous psychosocial issues
d. trust versus mistrust

Jean Piaget's theory of conservation - a substance's weight, mass, and volume remain the same even if it changes shape. Child masters conservation and the concept of reversibility during the concrete operations stage (7-11yrs) - concrete operational stage - CCC - (concrete, conservation, counting)

17

Symbolic schema

Piaget's theory - cognitive structure that grows with life experience - a schema is a system which permits the child to test out things in the physical world

18

Erik Erickson's first psychosocial stage

Trust vs Mistrust

19

In Piagetian literature, conservation would most likely refer to
a. volume or mass
b. defenses of the ego
c. the sensorimotor intelligence stage
d. a specific psychosexual stage of life

a. volume or mass

mass, weight, volume - steps of mastery

20

A child masters conservation in the Piagetian stage known as
a. formal operations - ages 12yrs and older
b. concrete operations - ages 7-11
c. preoperations - ages 2-7
d. sensorimotor intelligence - birth to 2yrs

b. concrete operations

21

_______ expanded on Piaget's conceptualization of moral development.
a. Erik Erikson
b. The Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky
c. Lawrence Kohlberg
d. John B. Watson

c. Lawrence Kholberg - leading theorist in moral development

22

Who is Lev Vygotsky?

Russian psychologist that disagreed with Piaget's notion that developmental stages take place naturally. Vygotsky insisted that the stages unfold due to educational intervention.

23

Biological term borrowed from embryology that states that each stage emerges from the one before it. Process follows a given order and is systematic.

Epigenetic

24

Father of behaviorism and coined the term behaviorism in 1912

John B. Watson

25

According to Piaget, a child masters the concept of reversibility in the third stage, known as concrete operations or concrete operational thought. This notion suggests
a. that heavier objects are more difficult for a child to lift
b. the child is ambidextrous
c. the child is more cognizant of mass than weight
d. one can undo an action, hence an object can return to its initial stage.

d. reversibility - one can undo an action, hence an object can return to its initial stage.

26

During a thunderstorm, a 6 yr old child in Piaget's stage of preoperational thought (stage 2) says, "The rain is following me." This is an example of:
a. egocentrism
b. conservation
c. centration
d. abstract thought

a. egocentrism

Piagetian concept of egocentrism - child cannot view the world from the vantage point of someone else

27

Abstract thought occurs in which Piegetian stage?

Formal operations

28

Lawrence Kohlberg suggested
a. a single level of morality
b. two levels of morality
c. three levels of morality
d. preoperational thought as the basis for all morality

c. 3 levels of morality
Preconventional
Conventional
Postconventional (personal integrity or morality of self-accepted principles)

29

The Heinz story is to Kohlberg's theory as
a. a brick is to a house
b. Freud is to Jung
c. the Menniger Clinic is to biofeedback
d. a typing test is to the level of typing skill mastered

Heinz Story is one method used by Kohlberg to assess the level and stage of moral development in an individual.

Individual's reason for decision allowed Kohlberg to evaluate the person's stage of moral development

30

Father of analytic psychology

Jung