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Flashcards in Human Growth and Development part I Deck (55)
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Freud's stages are psychosexual while Erik Erikson's stages are
a. psychometric
b. psychodiagnostic
c. psychopharmacological
d. psychosocial



Freudian stages are:

Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital



Study of personality through interpretation of bx or nonverbal cues



Mental testing or measurement



Effects that drugs have on psychological functions


In Freudian theory instincts are emphasized. Eric Erikson is an ego psychologist. Ego psychologists
a. emphasize id processes
b. refute the concept of the superego
c. believe in man's powers of reasoning to control bx
d. are sometimes known as radical behaviorists

c. believe in man's powers of reasoning to control bx


The only psychoanalyst who created a developmental theory which encompasses the entire life span was
a. Erik Erikson
b. Milton H Erickson
c. A. A. Brill
d. Jean Piaget

a. Erik Erikson


A. A. Brill



Milton H Erickson

brief psychotherapy and hypnosis


Jean Piaget

cognitive development in children


The statement, "the ego is depending on the id," would most likely reflect the work of
a. Erik Erikson
b. Sigmund Freud
c. Jay Haley
d. Arnold Lazarus, William Perry, and Robert Kegan

b. Sigmund Freud


William Perry

Adult cognitive development, stresses dualistic thinking common to teens in which things are conceptualized as good or bad or right and wrong.


Jean Piaget's theory has four stages. The correct order from stage 1 to stage 4 is
a. formal operations, concrete operations, preoperations, sensorimotor
b. formal operations, preoperations, concrete operations, sensorimotor
c. sensorimotor, preoperations, concrete operations, formal operations
d. concrete operations, sensorimotor, preoperations, formal operations

c. sensorimotor, preoperations, concrete operations, formal operations

babies start with sensory, old people are formal, pre comes before concrete


Some behavioral scientists have been critical of the Swiss child psychologist Jean Piaget's developmental research inasmuch as
a. he utilized the t test too frequently
b. he failed to check for type 1 or alpha errors
c. he worked primarily with minority children
d. his findings were often derived from observing his own children

d. his own kids

utilized games and interviews


Alfred Binet

French, created the first intelligence test


A tall skinny pitcher of water is emptied into a small squatty pitcher. A child indicates that she feels the small pitcher has less water. The child has not yet mastered
a. symbolic schema
b. conservation
c. androgynous psychosocial issues
d. trust versus mistrust

Jean Piaget's theory of conservation - a substance's weight, mass, and volume remain the same even if it changes shape. Child masters conservation and the concept of reversibility during the concrete operations stage (7-11yrs) - concrete operational stage - CCC - (concrete, conservation, counting)


Symbolic schema

Piaget's theory - cognitive structure that grows with life experience - a schema is a system which permits the child to test out things in the physical world


Erik Erickson's first psychosocial stage

Trust vs Mistrust


In Piagetian literature, conservation would most likely refer to
a. volume or mass
b. defenses of the ego
c. the sensorimotor intelligence stage
d. a specific psychosexual stage of life

a. volume or mass

mass, weight, volume - steps of mastery


A child masters conservation in the Piagetian stage known as
a. formal operations - ages 12yrs and older
b. concrete operations - ages 7-11
c. preoperations - ages 2-7
d. sensorimotor intelligence - birth to 2yrs

b. concrete operations


_______ expanded on Piaget's conceptualization of moral development.
a. Erik Erikson
b. The Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky
c. Lawrence Kohlberg
d. John B. Watson

c. Lawrence Kholberg - leading theorist in moral development


Who is Lev Vygotsky?

Russian psychologist that disagreed with Piaget's notion that developmental stages take place naturally. Vygotsky insisted that the stages unfold due to educational intervention.


Biological term borrowed from embryology that states that each stage emerges from the one before it. Process follows a given order and is systematic.



Father of behaviorism and coined the term behaviorism in 1912

John B. Watson


According to Piaget, a child masters the concept of reversibility in the third stage, known as concrete operations or concrete operational thought. This notion suggests
a. that heavier objects are more difficult for a child to lift
b. the child is ambidextrous
c. the child is more cognizant of mass than weight
d. one can undo an action, hence an object can return to its initial stage.

d. reversibility - one can undo an action, hence an object can return to its initial stage.


During a thunderstorm, a 6 yr old child in Piaget's stage of preoperational thought (stage 2) says, "The rain is following me." This is an example of:
a. egocentrism
b. conservation
c. centration
d. abstract thought

a. egocentrism

Piagetian concept of egocentrism - child cannot view the world from the vantage point of someone else


Abstract thought occurs in which Piegetian stage?

Formal operations


Lawrence Kohlberg suggested
a. a single level of morality
b. two levels of morality
c. three levels of morality
d. preoperational thought as the basis for all morality

c. 3 levels of morality
Postconventional (personal integrity or morality of self-accepted principles)


The Heinz story is to Kohlberg's theory as
a. a brick is to a house
b. Freud is to Jung
c. the Menniger Clinic is to biofeedback
d. a typing test is to the level of typing skill mastered

Heinz Story is one method used by Kohlberg to assess the level and stage of moral development in an individual.

Individual's reason for decision allowed Kohlberg to evaluate the person's stage of moral development


Father of analytic psychology