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Flashcards in Theories of Counseling and the Helping Relationship Deck (213)
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1

Freud is the father of psychoanalysis, which is both a form of treatment and a very comprehensive personality theory. According to Freud's theory, inborn drives (mainly sexual) help form the personality. ______ and ______, who originally worked with Freud, created individual psychology and analytic psychology, respectively.
a. Carl Jung; Alfred Adler
b. Alfred Adler; Carl Jung
c. Joseph Breuer; A. A. Brill.
d. Alfred Adler; Rollo May.

b.

2

Eric Berne's transactional analysis (TA) posits three ego states: the Child, the Adult, and the Parent. These roughly correspond to Freud's structural theory that includes
a. oral, anal, phallic
b. unconscious, preconscious, and conscious
c. a and b
d. id, ego, and superego

d.

3

In transactional analysis, the _______ is the conscience, or ego state concerned with moral bx, while in Freudian theory it is the _________.
a. Adult; unconscious
b. Parent; ego
c. Parent; superego
d. Parent, id

c.

4

Freud felt that successful resolution of the Oedipus complex led to the development of the superego. This is accomplished by
a. identification with the aggressor, the parent of the same sex
b. analysis during the childhood years
c. identification with the parent of the opposite sex, the aggressor
d. transference

a.

5

Freudians refer to the ego as
a. the executive administrator of the personality and the reality principle
b. the guardian angel of the mind
c. the pleasure principle
d. the seat of libido

a.

6

Freud's theory speaks of Eros and Thanatos. A client who threatens a self-destructive act is being ruled primarily be
a. Eros
b. Eros and the id
c. Thanatos
d. both Eros and Thanatos

c. Thanatos - Greek word for death - death instinct

7

The id is present at birth and never matures. It operates mainly out of awareness to satisfy instinctual needs according to the
a. reality principle
b. notion of transference
c. Eros principle
d. pleasure principle

d. pleasure principle

8

If you think of the mind as a seesaw, then the fulcrum or balancing apparatus would be the
a. id, which has no concept of rationality or time
b. ego
c. superego, which judges behavior as right or wrong
d. BASIC-ID

b

9

A therapist who says to a patient, "Say whatever comes to mind" is practicing
a. directive counseling
b. TA
c. paraphrasing
d. free association

d.

10

The superego contains the ego ideal. The superego strives for ______, rather than ________ likes the id.
a. perfection; pleasure
b. pleasure; perfection
c. morals; ethics
d. logic; reality

a.

11

All of these theorists could be associated with the analytic movement except
a. Freud
b. Jung
c. Adler
d. Wolpe

d. Joseph Wolpe - systematic desensitization - weaken a client's response to an anxiety-producing stimuli

12

Most scholars would assert that Freud's 1900 work entitled The Interpretation of Dreams was his most influential work. Dreams have
a. manifest and latent content
b. preconscious and unconscious factors
c. id and ego
d. superego and id

a.

13

When a client projects feelings toward the therapist that he or she originally had toward a significant other, it is called
a. free association
b. insight
c. transference
d. resistance

c. transference

14

Which case is not associated with the psychodynamic movement
a. Little Hans
b. Little Albert
c. Anna O.
d. Schreber

B. Little Albert

John Watson, who pioneered behaviorism, conditioned an 11-month old boy named Albert to be afraid of furry objects. Conclusion - fears are learned bx rather than unconscious process.

15

Little Hans was ________, while Little Albert was _______. a. behavioristic; psychoanalytic
b. psychoanalytic; behavioristic

b.

16

Freud was involved with all these cases except:
a. Little Hans
b. Little Albert
c. Anna O.
d. Schreber

b.

17

In contrast with classical psychoanalysis, psychodynamic counseling or therapy
a. utilizes fewer sessions per week
b. does not utilize the couch
c. is performed face-to-face
d. all of the above

d.

18

Talking about difficulties in order to purge emotions and feelings is a curative process known as
a. catharsis and/or abreaction
b. resistance
c. accurate empathy
d. reflection of emotional content

a. Freud and Breurer - described highly charged repressed emotions which were released during the hypnotic process

19

Id, ego, superego is to structural theory as ______ is to topographical theory
a. Child, Adult, Parent
b. abreaction, catharsis, introspection
c. ego ideal
d. unconscious, preconscious, conscious

d. Topographical theory - mind as an iceberg

20

Eric Berne, father of transactional analysis developed the structural model which include ______, _______, and ______.

Child, adult, and parent.

21

The most controversial aspect of Freud's theory is
a. catharsis
b. the Oedipus complex
c. the notion of the preconscious mind
d. the interpretation of dreams

b.

22

Evidence for the unconscious mind comes from all of these except
a. hypnosis
b. slips of the tongue and humor
c. dreams
d. subjective units of distress scale

d. SUDS is a concept used in forming a hierarchy to perform Wolpe's systematic desensitization: bx therapy technique for curbing phobic reactions.

23

In a counseling sessions, a counselor asked a patient to recall what transpired three months ago to trigger her depression. There was silence for about two and one-half minutes. The client then began to remember. This exchange most likely illustrates the function of the
a. preconscious mind
b. ego ideal
c. conscious mind
d. unconscious mind

a. preconscious mind is capable of bringing ideas, images, and thoughts into awareness with minimal difficulty. has access to conscious and unconscious information.

24

Unconscious processes, which serve to minimize anxiety and protect the self from severe id or superego demands, are called
a. slips of the tongue
b. ego defense mechanisms
c. id defense processes
d. latent dream material

b.

25

Most therapists agree that ego defense mechanisms deny or distort reality. Rationalization, compensation, repression, projection, reaction formation, identification, introjection, denial, and displacement are ego defense mechanisms. According to the Freudians, the most important defense mechanism is
a. repression
b. reaction formation
c. denial
d. sublimation

a.

26

When a person can't accept a given impulse and thus behaves in the opposite manner is known as:
a. repression
b. reaction formation
c. denial
d. sublimation

b.

27

When a person acts out an unconscious impulse in a socially acceptable way is known as:
a. repression
b. reaction formation
c. denial
d. sublimation

d.

28

Suppression differs from repression in that
a. suppression is stronger
b. repression only occurs in children
c. repression is automatic or involuntary
d. all of the above

c.

29

An aggressive male who becomes a professional boxer because he is sadistic is displaying
a. suppression
b. rationalization
c. sublimation
d. displacement

c.

30

Intellectual excuse to minimize hurt feelings is known as:
a. suppression
b. rationalization
c. sublimation
d. displacement

b.