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Flashcards in Groups Deck (100)
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Prior to the 1960s most counseling took place
a. in a group setting
b. with the entire family present
c. in a dyadic relationship
d. in Behavior Therapy clinics



A group has
a. a membership which can be defined
b. some degree of unity and interaction
c. a shared purpose
d. all of the above



The term group therapy was coined in 1931 by
a. Frank Parsons, the Father of guidance
b. Jacob Moreno, the Father of psychodrama
c. E. G. Williamson, associated with the Minnesota Viewpoint
d. Fritz Perls, the Father of gestalt therapy



In the 1940s the two organizations for group therapy were created:
a. NASW and NBCC
b. ASGW and AAS
c. the American Society for Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama and the American Group Psychotherapy Association
d. AACD and APA



Which theorist's work has been classified as a preface to the group movement?
a. Freud
b. Jung
c. Jessie B. Davis
d. Adler

d. Adler


Primary groups are
a. preventive and attempt to ward off problems
b. always follow a person-centered paradigm
c. generally utilized for long-term psychotherapy
d. always focused on the client's childhood



A group is classified as secondary. This implies that
a. it is preventive and attempts to ward off problems
b. a difficulty or disturbance is present
c. two therapists are utilized
d. all of the above



When comparing a tertiary group with a primary or secondary group
a. the tertiary focuses less on individual members
b. the tertiary focuses more on the here-and-now
c. the tertiary is less likely to deal with severe pathology
d. the tertiary is more likely to deal with severe pathology



Group norms
a. exist only in encounter groups
b. exist only in career counseling groups
c. are not related to group cohesiveness
d. govern acceptable bx and group rules



Group therapy initially flourished in the US due to
a. Freud's lectures in this country
b. a shortage of competent career counselors
c. a shortage of individual therapists during WWII
d. pressure from nondirective therapists pushing encounter groups



Group content refers to material discussed in a group setting. Group process refers to
a. analysis of the unconscious
b. analysis of the ego
c. the T-group paradigm
d. the manner in which discussions and transactions occur



Group cohesiveness refers to
a. forces which tend to bind group members together
b. an analysis of group content
c. a common coleadership style
d. a style of leadership



Some theorists feel that group therapy differs from group counseling (which is also called an interpersonal problem solving group) in that
a. group counseling would be of longer duration
b. group therapy, also dubbed as a personality reconstruction group, would be of longer duration
c. group counseling requires far more training
d. group therapy addresses a less disturbed population of clients

psychoeducational groups/guidance = preventive
group therapy = problem is more severe and more individual work is needed for a longer duration
counseling group = focus primarily on conscious concerns


Most experts would agree that overall
a. structured exercises are more effective than unstructured techniques
b. structured exercises are less effective than unstructured techniques
c. all well-trained therapists favor structured exercises over unstructured techniques
d. ethical guidelines must forbid unstructured techniques because they can be dangerous to the depressed or anxious client



One advantage of group work is that a counselor can see more clients in a given period of time. One disadvantage is that a counselor can be too focused on group processes and
a. thus individual issues are not properly examined
b. the group becomes too behavioristic
c. a and b
d. thus the group focuses too much on content



According to the risky shift phenomenon, a group decision will
a. be less conservative than the average group member's decision, prior to the group discussion
b. be more conservative than the average group member's decision, prior to the group discussion
c. often be aggressive or illegal
d. violate the group's confidentiality norms



T-group often stress ways employees can express themselves in an effective manner. The "T" in T-groups merely stands for
a. techniques
b. taxonomy
c. training
d. testing



A counselor suggests that her client join an assertiveness training group. Most assertiveness training groups are:
a. unstructured
b. psychodynamic or person-centered
c. focused heavily on existential concerns
d. behavioristic and highly structured



Weight Watchers is a
a. T-group also called a training group
b. self-help or support groups as is AA
c. psychotherapy group
d. marathon group



ACA and the ASGW division recommend screening for potential group members
a. for all groups
b. only when the group is in a hospital inpatient setting
c. only when the group is composed of minors
d. only if the group deals with chemical dependency



A counselor is conducting a screening for clients who wish to participate in a counseling group which will meet Tuesday nights at his private practice office. Which client would most likely be the poorest choice for a group member?
a. A shy librarian
b. An anxious salesman with no group experience
c. An extremely hostile and belligerent construction worker
d. A student with 16 hours toward her M.Ed in counseling



A counselor is screening clients for a new group at the college counseling center. Which client would most likely be the poorest choice for a group member?
a. A first-year student who is suicidal and sociopathic
b. A second-year student who stutters
c. A graduate student with a facial tic
d. A fourth-year student with OCD tendencies



A screening for group members can be done in a group or privately. Although private screening interviews are not as cost effective or as time efficient, many group leaders feel they are superior inasmuch as private screening sessions
a. intensify transference
b. encourage catharsis
c. intensify abreaction
d. are generally superior in terms of counselor/client interaction



Most experts in the field of group counseling would agree that the most important trait for group members is the ability
a. to open up
b. to listen
c. to trust
d. to convey empathy



Groups can be open or closed. The two differ in that
a. open groups are limited to hospital settings
b. in an open group members can socialize between group meetings
c. closed groups always employ coleaders
d. closed groups allow no new members after the groups begins



One major advantage of a closed group versus an open group is
a. cost effectiveness
b. it promotes cohesiveness
c. it lessens counselor burnout
d. it allows the members to meet less frequently



One major disadvantage of a closed group versus an open group is that
a. if everyone quits, you will be left with no group members
b. closed group cannot provide depth therapy
c. it promotes paranoid feelings in group members
d. closed groups are much more structured



The number of people in an open groups is generally
a. more stable than in a closed group
b. much smaller after an extended period of time than in a closed group
c. significantly larger than in a closed group
d. more dependent on the group leaders's marketing skills than in a closed group



One distinct disadvantage of an open group is that
a. new members are not accepted after the first meeting
b. the leader does not control the screening process
c. a member who begins after the first meeting has missed information or experiences
d. the group is generally too behavioristic for depth therapy to occur



When a group member is speaking, it is best for the counselor to
a. try to face the group member
b. not face the group member, as this does not appear genuine in a group setting
c. smile while listening
d. suppress genuine emotion