Flashcards in Infectious Disease Review Deck (101)
White curd like vaginal discharge should make you think of what diagnosis?
Vaginal candida infection
Owl eye inclusion bodies should make you think of what diagnosis?
If you have a patient with positive blood cultures for candida what is the first line drug?
What is the treatment for pertussis?
Erythromycin x 7 days
A leukemia patient has a CT of the liver which shows punched out lesions. What diagnosis should you be thinking of?
What disease does Rickettsia rickettsii cause?
Rocky mountain spotted fever
An inda ink stain showing cysts should make you think of what diagnosis?
A COPD patient has apical cavities and calcified nodes on his chest x-ray. You also discover he has a pet bat and a few birds. What is the most likely diagnosis?
An HIV patient presents with a nonproductive cough and a chest x-ray showing diffuse interstitial infiltrates. What is the most likely diagnosis?
Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCJ) formerly known as Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP).
Honey and babies should make you think of what diagnosis?
What type of organism causes botulism?
A Gram + rod, Clostridium botulinum
What is the treatment for botulism?
A patient presents to the ER with acute progessive weakness, diplopia and a very dry mouth. What organism may be causing this?
Rice water stool should make you think of what diagnosis?
Is diptheria a gram positive or negative organism?
A stuck on grey membrane in the pharynx should make you think of what diagnosis?
What are four steps in treating diphtheria?
Antitoxin, penicillin, remove membrane, report the case to the CDC
What is the clinical name for whooping cough?
What type of organism is tetanus?
A Gram + rod, Clostridium tetani
A patient ate out last night and today has cramping and bloody diarrhea. What is the most likely organism?
Diarrhea with blood and mucus should make you think of what diagnosis?
What is the best test to diagnose malaria?
Peripheral blood smear
What organism has been linked to reactive arthritis?
Shigella, also remember that reactive arthritis has a positive HLA-B27.
What is the treatment for shigella?
Bactrim or fluoroquinolones and hydration.
What organism causes lyme disease?
What is the minimum amount of time needed for a tick to transfer Lyme disease to a human?
What is the drug of choice to treat Lyme disease in kids or pregnant women?
What is the drug of choice to treat C. difficile?
A patient was in the woods yesterday and today presents with erythema migrans. What is the most likely diagnosis?