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Flashcards in Infectious Disease Review Deck (101)
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1

White curd like vaginal discharge should make you think of what diagnosis?

Vaginal candida infection

2

Owl eye inclusion bodies should make you think of what diagnosis?

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

3

If you have a patient with positive blood cultures for candida what is the first line drug?

Amphotericin B

4

What is the treatment for pertussis?

Erythromycin x 7 days

5

A leukemia patient has a CT of the liver which shows punched out lesions. What diagnosis should you be thinking of?

Hepatosplenic candida

6

What disease does Rickettsia rickettsii cause?

Rocky mountain spotted fever

7

An inda ink stain showing cysts should make you think of what diagnosis?

Cryptococcosis

8

A COPD patient has apical cavities and calcified nodes on his chest x-ray. You also discover he has a pet bat and a few birds. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Histoplasmosis

9

An HIV patient presents with a nonproductive cough and a chest x-ray showing diffuse interstitial infiltrates. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCJ) formerly known as Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP).

10

Honey and babies should make you think of what diagnosis?

Botulism

11

What type of organism causes botulism?

A Gram + rod, Clostridium botulinum

12

What is the treatment for botulism?

Antitoxin

13

A patient presents to the ER with acute progessive weakness, diplopia and a very dry mouth. What organism may be causing this?

Clostridium botulinum

14

Rice water stool should make you think of what diagnosis?

Cholera

15

Is diptheria a gram positive or negative organism?

Gram positive

16

A stuck on grey membrane in the pharynx should make you think of what diagnosis?

Diphtheria

17

What are four steps in treating diphtheria?

Antitoxin, penicillin, remove membrane, report the case to the CDC

18

What is the clinical name for whooping cough?

Pertussis

19

What type of organism is tetanus?

A Gram + rod, Clostridium tetani

20

A patient ate out last night and today has cramping and bloody diarrhea. What is the most likely organism?

Salmonella

21

Diarrhea with blood and mucus should make you think of what diagnosis?

Shigella

22

What is the best test to diagnose malaria?

Peripheral blood smear

23

What organism has been linked to reactive arthritis?

Shigella, also remember that reactive arthritis has a positive HLA-B27.

24

What is the treatment for shigella?

Bactrim or fluoroquinolones and hydration.

25

What organism causes lyme disease?

Borrelia burgdorferi

26

What is the minimum amount of time needed for a tick to transfer Lyme disease to a human?

24 hours

27

What is the drug of choice to treat Lyme disease in kids or pregnant women?

Amoxicillin

28

What is the drug of choice to treat C. difficile?

Metronidazole (flagyl)

29

A patient was in the woods yesterday and today presents with erythema migrans. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Lyme disease

30

What drug is used for the treatment or prophylaxis of malaria?

Chloroquine