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Flashcards in Pediatric Review Deck (64)
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1

German measles is also known as what disease?

Rubella

2

Bruises may be purple, green, yellow and brown. How many days old is a yellow bruise?

Purple day 1-5, Green day 5-7, Yellow 7-10, Brown 10-14.

3

Pain with movement of the pinna or tragus should make you think of what diagnosis?

Otitis externa

4

What is the first line treatment for pertussis?

Erythromycin

5

By what age should a child be able to hold up her head?

3 months

6

A salter harris type I fracture affects what area of the bone?

Only the physis (growth plate).

7

By what age should a child be able to sit up?

6 months

8

An overweight 15 year old boy with a limp presents to your office complaining of knee pain. There is no history of trauma. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

9

A premature infant with hyaline membrane disease will have what appearance on CXR?

Bilateral atelectasis or ground glass appearance.

10

Atypical or walking pneumonia is caused by what pathogen?

Mycoplasma

11

What antibiotic is the first line treatment for mycoplasma pneumonia?

A macrolide (azithromycin or erythromycin).

12

A patient is having seizures along with a mouse like odor from the urine. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Phenylketonuria

13

The description of a dew drop on a rose petal should make you think of what diagnosis?

Chickenpox

14

Pale and boggy nasal mucosa should make you think of what diagnosis?

Allergic rhinitis

15

List the five major Jones criteria for diagnosing rheumatic fever.

Polyarthritis, carditis, subcuticular nodes, erythema marginatum, chorea

16

Describe erythema marginatum.

Pink rings on the trunk and inner surfaces of the limbs.

17

A child with bulky greasy stool should make you think of what diagnosis?

Cystic fibrosis

18

At what age should an infant begin cooing?

2 months

19

What is the most common cause of an upper respiratory tract infection?

Rhinovirus

20

Koplik spots are clusters of white clustered lesions on the buccal mucosa. What virus are they pathognomonic for?

Measles/Rubeola

21

What is the first line antibiotic for otitis media?

Amoxicillin

22

How do you treat a patient with respiratory syncytial virus?

Albuterol, steroids and fluids

23

A child presents with painful ulcers in his mouth. On physical exam you find more of the same type of ulcers on his feet and hands. What virus is most likely causing these symptoms?

Coxsackie virus

24

What is the gold standard for the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis?

Sweat chloride test

25

By what age should a child be able to walk?

12 months

26

If you believe there may be a foreign body obstructing a child's breathing what type of CXR should you order?

Expiratory view looking for hyperinflation due to air trapping.

27

What is the medical term for lazy eye?

Amblyopia

28

A patient presents with a staccato cough but no fever. What is the most likely diagnosis?

Chlamydia pneumoniae

29

What is the most serious complication of Kawasaki syndrome?

Aortic Aneurysm

30

A musical vibratory murmur best heard at the apex in a child should make you think of what diagnosis?

Still's murmur