Flashcards in instrumental conditioning Deck (24):
determined whether a behaviour was maintained or eliminated
stamping in and stamping out theory
behaviours with positive consequences are stamped in, those with negative consequences are stamped out
law of effect
Presentation of a positive reinforcer; increases the frequency of a behaviour.
Presentation of a negative reinforcer; decreases the frequency of a behaviour.
Removal of a positive reinforcer; decrease in the behaviour being reinforced.
Removal of a negative reinforcer; increase in the response behaviour.
behaviour can be learned without careful guidance by the researcher
Signals when a contingency between a response and a reinforcement is “on
discriminative stimulus (SD)
is a cue that indicates when the contingent relationship is not valid
S-delta or (S-)
based on the number of responses; determines when reinforcement is given.
based on the time since the last response that was reinforced.
conditions that are held constant across trials
provided following a variable amount of work/length of time.
forming new voluntary behaviours that direct goal-centered actions.
something that produces satisfaction when received.
arrival of an aversive stimulus follows a response; decreases the likelihood of that response occurring again.
when a response leads to the removal of an appetitive stimulus; decreases the probability of that response occurring again (omission training).
changes in the value of a reward lead to shifts in response rate.
switching from a high to a low reward leads to a slower response rate.
switching from a low to a high reward leads to a faster response rate.
must do something a certain amount of times to receive an award
Reinforcement delivered after some random number of responses around a characteristic mean.
Reinforcement is delivered following the first response after a set interval or time