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Flashcards in classical conditioning Deck (30):
1

allows us to associate two related events

Classical Conditioning

2

the presentation of one stimulus reliably leads to the presentation of another.

contingent relationship

3

the learning of a contingency between a particular signal and a later event that are paired in time and/or space

classic conditioning

4

any stimulus or event; occurs naturally, prior to learning (Ex. Food)

Unconditional Stimulus (US)

5

the response that occurs after the unconditional stimulus; occurs naturally, prior to any learning

Unconditional Response (UR)

6

paired with the unconditional stimulus to produce a learned contingency (Ex. A ringing bell)

Conditional Stimulus (CS)

7

The response that occurs once the contingency between the CS and US have been learned (Ex. Salivating- expecting food)

Conditioned response (CR)

8

the process by which a contingency between a CS and US is learned

Acquisition

9

the loss of the CR when the CS no longer predicts the US

extinction

10

the process by which stimuli to the CS will also elicit a CR

Stimulus Generalization

11

restricts the range of conditional stimuli that can elicit a response.

Stimulus Discrimination

12

an exaggerated, intense and persistent fear of certain situations, activities, things or people.

phobia

13

an individual with a particular phobia is encouraged to confront the CS that evokes their anxiety; it may be traumatic experience

Implosive therapy

14

uses a more gradual exposure to the feared stimulus

Systematic desensitization

15

predicts the presence of the unconditional stimulus

CS+

16

predicts the absence of the unconditional stimulus

CS-

17

a process which counteracts a challenge to homeostasis

compensatory response

18

is the decreased effectiveness of a drug such as morphine over the course of repeated administration

drug tolerance

19

is a relatively enduring change in the mechanisms of behaviour that occurs due to experience

learning

20

the effects of learned behaviour is not yet reflected in performance

latent learning

21

a decrease in response to a stimulus or event as it is repeatedly presented without any consequence

habituation

22

an increase in responding that follows a change in stimulus to which habituation has occurred

dishabituation

23

the sequential occurrence or proximity of stimulus and response, causing their association in mind

contiguity

24

learning based on the anticipation of the absence of a biological event

inhibitory conditioning

25

reintroducing the CS and US after extinction can reform the acquisition faster than originally

reacquisition

26

pattern of responding is often represented in graph

generalization gradient

27

the established CS is now paired with a new stimulus, allowing the new stimulus to become another CS capable of eliciting a CR

higher-order conditioning

28

how the stimuli are related in terms of time

temporal arrangement

29

where the onset of the CS occurs first, followed by the onset of the US

short-delay conditioning

30

the sudden recovery of a conditional response following a rest period after extinction

spontaneous recovery