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Flashcards in categories and concepts Deck (12):
1

4 basic functions of categorization

classification, understanding, predicting, & communication

2

allows you to treat objects that appear differently as belonging together

classification

3

identifies the intentions of a situation

understanding

4

you can make predictions by comparing your current situation to a similar experience in memory

predicting

5

uses specific words to describe ideas efficiently

communication

6

the feeling that a task must be simple because it is simple for oneself

illusion of the expert

7

Simple, rather than complex categories, leave us susceptible to Illusion of the Expert

Lee Brooks

8

we categorize objects by comparing them to an internal “best” representation of a given category

prototype theory

9

We categorize objects by comparing them to every previously stored experience in a given category.

exemplar theory

10

not possible to change innate properties

natural objects

11

possible to change innate properties

man-made objects

12

is a large, complex unit of knowledge that encodes properties typical of instances of general categories and omit properties which are not typical of the categories

schema