forming impressions Flashcards Preview

psych 1X03 > forming impressions > Flashcards

Flashcards in forming impressions Deck (18):

• According to this theory, you actively analyze a person’s behaviour to make inferences based on 3 variables: degree of choice, expectation, intended consequences of the behaviour.

correspondent interference theory


how a person’s behaviour can be attributed to either personal dispositional or situational circumstances

covariation theory


three variables to be considered if a behaviour is dispositional or situational

consistency, distinctiveness, consensus


tendency to over-value dispositional factors for the observed behaviours of others while under-valuing situational factors

fundamental attribution error


You are more vulnerable to making the fundamental attribution error when determining the causes of the behaviours in others rather than your own
-The difference in how you perceive your behaviours and that of others

actor/observer effect


we view success as reflecting our true abilities and failures as flukes of circumstance.

self-serving bias


When using this heuristic, you classify people by considering how well their behaviour fits with a certain prototype
-we tend to judge a sample (a particular outcome) to be likely to occur if it is similar to the population from which it was selected

Representativeness Heuristic


-This heuristic is used in making attributions
-Different experiences readily available to your memory
-probability estimates are affected by how easy it is to think of examples.

availability heuristic


In any social situation, there is a wealth of complex information to consider and limited attention to put towards this task

cognitive heuristic


4 factors that make it more likely for you to be attracted to a person

proximity, familiarity, physical attraction, and peer opinions


occur with conscious direction and deliberate thought (controlled)

explicit processes


occur outside of our awareness, without conscious control (automatic)

implicit processes


depends on the situation

situational attribution


depends on the disposition or traits of the person in question

dispositional attribution


we sometimes have a tendency to over-estimate dispositional attributes and under-estimate situational attributes.

fundamental attribution


-the belief that your thoughts are similar to others
-Makes us overestimate how much others agree with us

false consensus effect


this occurs when individuals believe that two variables are related even though there is no evidence for that relationship.

illusory correlation


used to implicitly test for racial stereotypes

implicit association task