Flashcards in forming impressions Deck (18):
• According to this theory, you actively analyze a person’s behaviour to make inferences based on 3 variables: degree of choice, expectation, intended consequences of the behaviour.
correspondent interference theory
how a person’s behaviour can be attributed to either personal dispositional or situational circumstances
three variables to be considered if a behaviour is dispositional or situational
consistency, distinctiveness, consensus
tendency to over-value dispositional factors for the observed behaviours of others while under-valuing situational factors
fundamental attribution error
You are more vulnerable to making the fundamental attribution error when determining the causes of the behaviours in others rather than your own
-The difference in how you perceive your behaviours and that of others
we view success as reflecting our true abilities and failures as flukes of circumstance.
When using this heuristic, you classify people by considering how well their behaviour fits with a certain prototype
-we tend to judge a sample (a particular outcome) to be likely to occur if it is similar to the population from which it was selected
-This heuristic is used in making attributions
-Different experiences readily available to your memory
-probability estimates are affected by how easy it is to think of examples.
In any social situation, there is a wealth of complex information to consider and limited attention to put towards this task
4 factors that make it more likely for you to be attracted to a person
proximity, familiarity, physical attraction, and peer opinions
occur with conscious direction and deliberate thought (controlled)
occur outside of our awareness, without conscious control (automatic)
depends on the situation
depends on the disposition or traits of the person in question
we sometimes have a tendency to over-estimate dispositional attributes and under-estimate situational attributes.
-the belief that your thoughts are similar to others
-Makes us overestimate how much others agree with us
false consensus effect
this occurs when individuals believe that two variables are related even though there is no evidence for that relationship.