Flashcards in Intestinal failure Deck (9):
What is intestinal failure?
Where the gut is no longer able to supply the hydration and nutritional needs of the body.
What could cause chronic intestinal failure?
Short bowel syndrome
Severe crohn's disease
How long is acute intestinal failure?
Give an example of what could cause this?
Mucositis post chemotherapy
What is the management for acute intestinal failure?
Watch electrolytes and glucose
Allow some diet if tolerated/safe
How long is a normal small bowel?
How long is it in short bowel syndrome?
What is the result?
250-850 cm (Males longer than females)
In short bowel syndrome, it is <200cm
There is insufficient small bowel to meet nutritional needs without artificial nutritional support
When is parenteral nutrition needed for short bowel syndrome?
When there is <50cm of small bowel
What medicine should be prescribed in short bowel syndrome?
Proton pump inhibitors
What are complications of parenteral nutrition?
Metabolic bone disease