Intro to Biochem Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro to Biochem Deck (8):
1

Friedrich Wohler

1828: synthesized urea from ammonium cyanate
Showed that living materials could come from non-living materials

2

Eduard Buchner

1897: discovered that yeast extracts could catalyze the fermentation of glucose
Enzymes catalyze biological reactions

3

Watson and Crick

1953: solved 3-D structure of DNA

4

Residue

Monomer of a polymeric chain

5

Metabolism's 2 parts

Catabolism: breakdown to release energy
Anabolism: usage of energy to construct

6

Cytoplasm

All parts of cell enclosed by plasma membrane

7

Cytosol

Aqueous portion of cytoplasm
Contains incredibly diverse and concentrated assortment of components

8

Features of prokaryotic cells

No nucleus (nucleoid region instead)
No internal membrane compartments
Often have pili and flagella
High surface area to volume ratio