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Flashcards in Iodine Deck (13):
1

what are its three functions? Iodine

 Thyroid hormones
 Regulates body temperature, metabolism  Reproduction and growth

2

what are the three details of its function in thyroid hormones? Iodine

 Increase:
-BMR
-O2 used
- Energy release from glucose & fatty acids

3

what are the two deficiency symptoms? Iodine

Hypothyroidism, Goiter

4

what is goiter? Iodine

enlarged thyroid gland, deficiency symptom

5

what are the two things that happen in children with Hypothyroidism and what is it? Iodine

Cretinism: mental retardation, stunted growth; deficiency symptom

6

what are the five things that happen with mild Hypothyroidism in adults and what is it? Iodine

mild: decreased body temperature, cold
intolerance, weight gain, fatigue, sluggishness; deficiency symptom

7

what are the five things that happen with severe Hypothyroidism in adults and what is it? Iodine

myxedema: husky voice, low BMR; deficiency symptom

8

what is Cretinism and what are the two things that happen if you have it? Iodine

the deficiency symptom in children that have Hypothyroidism; mental retardation, stunted growth

9

what is myxedema and what are the two things that happen if you have it? Iodine

the deficiency symptom in adults that have severe Hypothyroidism; husky voice, low BMR

10

what the DRI? Iodine

150 μg

11

what is the toxicity disease? Iodine

Hyperthyroidism (Graves’ disease)

12

what are the five things that happen in the toxicity disease of Hyperthyroidism (Graves’ disease)? Iodine

 Increased BMR up
to 100%  Nervousness  Increased appetite
and weight loss  Racing heartbeat  Protruding eyeballs

13

what are the three main food sources? Iodine

saltwater fish, iodized salt, bakery goods