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Flashcards in Iron Deck (24):
1

what are the two forms? Iron

Inorganic, organic

2

what are the four different forms of the inorganic forms? Iron

Food iron, Absorption, Transport, Storage

3

the inorganic food form is? Iron

Vitamin C

4

the inorganic Absorption form is? Iron

Ceruloplasmin (Copper)

5

the inorganic transport form is? Iron

transferrin

6

the two inorganic Storage forms are? Iron

Hemosiderin, Ferritin

7

the organic form is? Iron

Heme

8

the inorganic storage form Ferritin is? Iron

soluble

9

the inorganic storage form Hemosiderin is and located where? Iron

spleen & liver - insoluble

10

whats the absorption rate? Iron

10-30%

11

what are the two things that enhance its absorption? Iron

Ascorbic acid
 Meat factor (heme)

12

what are its two functions? Iron

 Constitutent of:  hemoglobin
 myoglobin
 enzymes
 Oxygen and electron transport (electron transport chain)

13

what three things is is a constituent of? Iron

hemoglobin
 myoglobin
 enzymes

14

how many people does iron Deficiency Anemia affect? Iron

1-5/6 billion

15

what are the six symptoms of iron deficiency anemia in adults? Iron

 Pallor, fatigue, weakness
 Dypsnea (trouble breathing)  Pica, pagophagia (ice)

16

what are the four iron deficiency anemia symptoms in children? Iron

 Decreased learning ability
 Altered motor function
 Reduced dopamine receptors
 Reduced serotonin (not correctable)

17

what are the four reasons people get iron Deficiency Anemia? Iron


 Low iron/poor availability in diet
 Chronic blood loss
 Parasitic worms
 Lack of acid in stomach

18

what are the three cases where someone would have chronic blood loss leading to iron deficiency anemia? Iron

 60% in elderly
 Cancer
 Drug therapy

19

what are the two treatments for iron deficiency anemia? Iron

 Improve bioavailability
 Improve iron amount

20

why do you have to be careful when taking iron supplements? Iron

iron supplementation can promote bacterial infections & increase infectious diseases

21

what are two things that improve bioavailability? Iron

 Vitamin C
 Heme iron

22

how does toxicity occur? Iron

 Supplements
 Acute poisoning in children

23

whats the DRI? Iron

men 8mg women 18 mg

24

what are five food sources? Iron

raw oysters, kellogs cereal, pork, beans, beef