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Flashcards in Key theorists Deck (20):
1

Who is a key figure in the field of behavioural genetics?

Robert Plomin

2

Who found higher heritability estimates between MZ twins compared to DZ twins reared apart and together?

Pedersen

3

________ postulated the supertraits of:
1. Extraversion-Introversion
2. Neuroticism (emotional stability - instability)
3. Psychoticism

Eysenck's

4

________ Hierarchical Model:
1. Supertrait
2. Trait
3. Habitual Response
4. Specific Response

Eysenck

5

A basic assumption underlying ________'s theory was: That the human brain has excitatory and inhibitory neural mechanisms

Eysenck

6

Who postulated the ARAS?

Eysenck

7

________ stated that each person's ARAS functions differently

Eysenck

8

Who created reinforcement sensitivity theory?

Gray

9

Who created BAS/BIS theory (reinforcement sensitivity theory)?

Gray

10

In ________'s biological model, there are 7 temperament and character domains

Cloninger

11

_____ and Wilson stated that women examine gene quality and resource investment in mate selection, while men physical attractiveness

Daly

12

________ proposed genetic similarity theory, that we are more attracted to strangers who resemble you than who don't

Rushton

13

Who postulated deficieny and growth needs?

Maslow

14

Who termed "being cognitions'

Maslow

15

Who created personal constructs?

George Kelly

16

In _____'s model, people experiencing psychological problems are not constructing the world around them accurately

Kelly's

17

Who would say that the therapist needs to make the client aware of the problems in their personal construct system and then they can be changed?

George Kelly

18

Who created Rational Emotive Therapy?

Albert Ellis

19

Who would say that a person has emotional problems because of irrational beliefs that guide their interpretation of events?

Albert Ellis

20

Who created expectancy value theory?

Rotter