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Flashcards in Practice exam questions Deck (11):
1

Which of the following assumptions is made by a therapist using the Rep Test?

A. The constructs listed by the clients are unique to the testing situation.
B. The constructs listed by the clients are limited to the set of people
used in the test.
C. All healthy people use basically the same constructs.
D. People are able to adequately describe the constructs they use.

D. People are able to adequately describe the constructs they use.

2

A patient in psychoanalysis begins to speak to the therapist as if the therapist were the patient’s deceased father. This is an example of:

A. Resistance.
B. Denial.
C. Countertransference.
D. Transference.

D. Transference.

3

The NEO (Costa & McCrae, 1985) is used to measure the Big Five Personality factors. Which of the following facets is NOT included in the measurement of Extraversion?
A. Warmth.
B. Gregariousness.
C. Impulsiveness.
D. Activity.

C. Impulsiveness.

4

Which of the following statements is true about the trait approach?

A. No major schools of psychotherapy have evolved from the trait approach.
B. The trait approach is the best approach for predicting change in personality.
C. Most trait researchers do not focus on predicting behaviour.
D. Trait theorists place emphasis on identifying the mechanisms that determine behaviour.

A. No major schools of psychotherapy have evolved from the trait approach.

5

Jennifer answers quickly when asked if her mother is introverted, but it takes her longer to answer when asked if her next-door neighbour is introverted. Schema researchers would interpret this to mean that:

A. Jennifer has a well-developed schema for her mother.
B. Jennifer does not have a well-defined schema for introversion.
C. Introversion is probably not part of Jennifer’s self-schema.
D. Jennifer’s mother is probably introverted.

A. Jennifer has a well-developed schema for her mother.

6

Critics of the neodissociation theory of hypnosis challenge the interpretation of the “hidden observer” demonstrations by conducting experiments in which they

A. tell the“hidden observer” he or she will experience less pain when hypnotised.
B. ask the “hidden observer” to report experiences through “automatic writing.”
C. tell the participant that the experimenter’s machine can determine if he or she is lying.
D. give the same instructions to people who are not hypnotized.

A. tell the“hidden observer” he or she will experience less pain when hypnotised.

7

According to Rogers, subception allows us to:
A. avoid awareness of threatening information.
B. move toward self-actualization.
C. bring our real and ideal selves closer together. D. come to see ourselves as we really are.

A. avoid awareness of threatening information.

8

When practicing rational emotive behaviour therapy, a therapist will typically

A. look for the childhood experiences that contributed to the current problem.
B. examine the logic the client uses that leads him or her to the emotional reaction.
C. wait for the client to discover the source of the problem rather than suggest what the source might be.
D. affirm to the client that he or she has good reasons to feel the way he or she does.

B. examine the logic the client uses that leads him or her to the emotional reaction.

9

What is the core requirement for a healthy lifestyle in Adlerian psychology?
A. Careersuccess.
B. Personal ambition.
C. Social interest.
D. Relationships with others.

C. Social interest.

10

A woman experiences high levels of nervousness right before she is to speak in front of a large audience. She decides she can't go through with the speech. She later tells her husband she could not speak because she was anxious. If her husband were B. F. Skinner, which of the following would he be most likely to say?

A. “Your feelings of anxiety indeed caused you to not speak because they acted like a punishment”
B. “The change in your behaviour and your feelings of anxiety probably had the same aversive
contingencies as a common cause.”
C. “The anxiety is unrelated to the change in your behaviour.”
D. “Anxious feelings do not exist because we cannot observe them.”

B. “The change in your behaviour and your feelings of anxiety probably had the same aversive
contingencies as a common cause.”

11

Raymond Cattell argued that in their efforts to understanding the basic structure of personality, psychologists should:

A. begin with a theory about the basic structure of personality.
B. examine personality characteristics shared by everyone as well as those found only in a few
people.
C. allow empirical data analyses to describe the basic structure of personality to us.
D. none of the above.

C. allow empirical data analyses to describe the basic structure of personality to us.