L12 Imaging of the Nervous System Flashcards Preview

Brain and Behaviour > L12 Imaging of the Nervous System > Flashcards

Flashcards in L12 Imaging of the Nervous System Deck (27):
1

CT with contrast for spinal cord is called what?

CT myelogram

2

where is contrast injected for a CT of the spinal cord?

lumbar cistern

3

how much does air measure on the hounsfield scale?

-1000 HU

4

how much does bone measure on the hounsfield scale?

1000 HU

5

how much does water measure on the hounsfield scale?

0 HU

6

how much does fat measure on the hounsfield scale?

-100 HU

7

uses of CT?

bone fracture
acute bleeding

8

patient has trauma to head. initially fine, but deteriorates in consciousness over hours. what is the classic condition?

epidural hematoma

9

injury to the brain under the area of impact is called what? on opposite side?

coup and contre-coup

10

in T1 MRI, what colour is CSF, WM, GM?

CSF dark
WM white
GM dark

11

in T2 MRI, what colour is CSF, WM, GM?

CSF bright
WM dark
GM white

12

gadolinium enhances which modality of MRI?

T1. rapidly shortens T1 relaxation.

13

what shades are most pathologies in T1? T2?

dark in T1, bright in T2

14

what does FLAIR stand for?

FLuid Attenuated Inversion Recovery

15

how does hemoglobin change over time?

oxy-Hb
deoxy-Hb
met-Hb
hemosiderin

16

which types of blood is MRI good for?

met-Hb and hemosiderin. MRI not good for acute blood.

17

what is the area of hypoperfusion surrounding the ischemic core called?

penumbra

18

what are signs of acute stroke?

loss of cortex/grey matter nuclei
swelling/loss of sulci
hyperdense MCA sign

19

what is lacunar stroke?

a thrombus or embolus that blocks off one of the penetrating arteries from the circle of willis, cerebellar arteries, or basil artery

20

when would you use MRI imaging in stroke?

small strokes
lacunar strokes
posterior fossa

21

which modalities are useful for micro hemorrhages?

gradient echo (GRE)
susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI)

22

how does diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) work?

in stroke, no glucose means no Na movement, means no water movement. DWI takes advantage of stagnant water here to do imaging. diffusion weighting usually between 0-1000 units.

23

what is an apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map?

a summation of the diffusion images in all 3 planes. infarct should be dark.

24

how long is DWI and ADC good for post stroke?

good for the first 7-10 days. then membranes break down and water is not diffusion limited.

25

what is FLAIR good for?

white matter lesions

26

what is DWI/ADC good for?

acute stroke

27

what is GRE/SWI good for?

chronic hemorrhage