W04_04 Developmental Disorders Flashcards Preview

Brain and Behaviour > W04_04 Developmental Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in W04_04 Developmental Disorders Deck (21):
1

typical skill acquisition direction?

cephalocaudal progression
proximal to distal progression

2

what is the moro reflex? timeline?

drop the baby on its back, and its arms extend.
birth-4 mo

3

when the baby extends its limbs on the ipsilateral side of head turning, it's called what? timeline?

ATNR (asymmetric tonic neck reflex).
2 wk - 6 mo.

4

palmar grasp timeline?

birth - 3 mo.

5

plantar grasp timeline?

birth - 8-15 mo.

6

lateral propping timeline?

6-9 mo.

7

parachute reflex timeline?

8-9 mo.

8

what's the major skill at 2 years?

jumping

9

what's the major skill at 4 years?

hopping on one foot.

10

skill at 1 mo?

chin up in prone

11

skill at 3 mo?

forearms up in prone

12

skill at 6 mo?

sits momentarily. hand to hand object transfer.

13

skill at 9 mo?

crawls

14

skill at 12 mo?

walking. pincer grasp.

15

how many cubes in a tower at 24 months?

6. can also draw a line.

16

early developmental red flags?

hand dominance (<3 months)

17

delayed developmental red flags?

no head control (>4 months);
no sitting (>9 months);
no walking (>18 months)

18

what's the biggest risk factor for cerebral palsy?

prematurity. increases risk 100x. 30-40% of all CP

19

subtypes of cerebral palsy?

spastic,
dyskinetic,
ataxic

20

two common co-morbidities of MCA hemiplegia?

seizures (33%)
homonymous hemianopsia (25%)

21

what's spastic equinus and which kind of plegia is it seen in?

spasticity in gastroc and soleus.
seen in CP - diplegia or hemiplegia.