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Flashcards in Lab Practical Exam I Deck (100)
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61

Which of the following animals does not have a true acromion of the spine of the scapula?

A. Cat
B. Dog
C. Bovine
D. Horse
E. A & D
F. B & C

E. A & D

Cat's have a suprahamete process and hamete process and Horses have NO acromion

62

What muscle extends the shoulder and flexes the elbow and what is its antagonist muscle?

Biceps brachii.
-The triceps brachii is the antagonist, they all extend the elbow and the long head flexes the shoulder.

63

Which of the following muscles inserts on the dorsal aspect of the metacarpal tuberosities of metacarpal II and III?

A. Long digital extensor
B. Extensor Carpi Radialis
C. Flexor Carpi Radialis
D. Lateral digital extensor

B. Extensor Carpi Radialis

Flexor Carpi Radialis is on the palmar surface of proximal aspect of MC II and III

64

Which of the following muscles inserts on the distal phalanx of digits 3, 4, and 5 and originates from the lateral epicondyle of the humerus?

A. Lateral digital extensor
B. Common digital extensor
C. Superficial digital flexor
D. Flexor carpi ulnaris

A. Lateral digital extensor

65

Which of the following muscles inserts on the distal phalanx of digits 2, 3, 4, and 5 and originates from the lateral epicondyle of the humerus?

A. Ulnaris Lateralis
B. Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
C. Superficial Digital Flexor
D. Common Digital Extensor

D. Common Digital Extensor

66

True/False. The deltoideus muscle of the horse has a scapular part and an acromial part.

False. Horses lack an acromion. Therefore, they do not have an acromial part of the deltoideus muscle.

67

What muscle is considered the "sling muscle" and depresses the scapula?

Serratus Ventralis

68

Which three muscles are extensors of the elbow?

-Tensor Fasciae antebrachii muscle
-Triceps Brachii muscle
-Anconeus muscle

69

Which muscles (6) are considered shoulder stabilizers?

-Supraspintanus muscle
-Infraspinatus muscle
-Subscapularis muscle
-Coracobrachialis muscle
-Teres major muscle
-Teres minor muscle

70

What muscles (5) are extensors of the shoulder?

-Infraspinatus muscle
-Supraspinatus muscle
-Subscapularis muscle
-Coracobrachialis muscle
-Biceps brachii muscle

71

Which muscles (5) are flexors of the shoulder?

-Deltoideus muscle
-Teres minor muscle
-Teres major muscle
- Long head of the Triceps brachii muscle
- Latissimus Dorsi muscle

72

Which muscles are flexors of the elbow?

-Biceps brachii muscle
-Brachialis muscle

73

What ligament holds down the Flexor Manica in the thoracic limb and the pelvic limb?

Palmar Annular Ligament - Thoracic Limb
Plantar Annular Ligament - Pelvic Limb

74

What muscle rotates the paw medially so the plantar surface faces laterally (pronation)?

Fibularis Longus

75

What ligament holds down both the SDF and DDF tendons at the level of the proximal phalanx of the digits?

Proximal Digital Annular Ligament

76

Which of the following muscles flexes the hip?

A. Pectineus
B. Gracilis
C. Deep Gluteal
D. Iliopsoas

D. Iliopsoas

77

What attaches the caudal part of the lateral meniscus to the intercondylar fossa of the femur?

Meniscofemoral Ligament

78

What is the name of the ligament that anchors the distal sesamoid bone (navicular) to the distal phalanx (coffin bone)?

Impar Ligament / Navicular Ligament

79

What ligament runs from the transverse process of the last sacral and first caudal vertebrae to the lateral angle of the ischiatic tuberosity?

Sacrotuberous Ligament

80

What would be the cranial costal fovea of rib 1? What would be the caudal costal fovea of rib 1?

Cranial costal fovea: T1
Caudal costal fovea: C7

81

What extends from the greater to lesser tubercle over the intertubercular groove and holds down the tendon of the biceps brachii muscle?

Transverse Humeral Retinaculum

82

Where can you find the superficial cervical lymph node/ subscapular lymph node?

At the ventral border of the omotransversarius just cranial to the scapula

83

Which bursas can you find in the thoracic limb and which muscles are they associated with?

-Infraspinatus muscle: Subtendinous bursa
-Biceps Brachii muscle: Subtendinous bursa/ intertubercular bursa
-Long Head of the Triceps Brachii muscle: Subtendinous bursa

84

What muscles in the pelvic limb have bursas?

-Internal Obturator muscle - subtendinous bursa
-Between the SDF and the Gastrocnemeus there is an intertendinous calcanean bursa
-SDF - subcutaneous calcanean bursa

85

True/False: The piriformis muscle is considered part of the middle gluteal muscle.

True.

86

Where can you find the popliteal lymph node?

At the caudal border of the biceps femoris muscle.

87

Which muscle tenses the fascia lata, flexes the hip, and extends the stifle?

Tensor faciae latae muscle

88

What is the importance of the cunean tendon?

It is a palpable reference point of the Distal Intertarsal Joint and can be cut to reduce pressure on arthritis of the distal hock joints.

89

List the joints of the equine pelvic limb starting from the hip joint to the coffin joint.

-Coxofemoral Joint (hip)
-Stifle Joint (femoropatellar, medial femorotibial and lateral femorotibial joint capsules)
-Tibiotarsal Joint
-Proximal Intertarsal Joint
-Distal Intertarsal Joint
-Tarsometatarsal Joint
-Metatarsophalangeal Joint (Fetlock)
-Proximal Interphalangeal Joint (Pastern)
-Distal Interphalangeal Joint (Coffin)

90

Which of the following is false about the popliteus muscle?

A. The tendon of origin passes deep to the lateral collateral ligament of the stifle
B. It inserts on the lateral condyle of the femur
C. It flexes the stifle and rotates the leg (crus) medially
D. There is a popliteal sesamoid bone in its tendon of origin

B. It inserts on the lateral condyle of the femur


-It actually inserts on the proximal and caudomedial aspect of the tibia and its origin is the lateral codyle of the femur