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Microbiology Exam 1 > Lecture 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 1 Deck (84):
1

what is Taxonomy?

the naming, describing, classifying, grouping a bacteria, virus, etc.. great for both large and small organisms

2

what is Morphology?

structure and shape. Physiology (especially enzymatic functions), genetics (both DNA and RNA), ecology. Best for large organisms

3

Name the domains

archea, bacteria, eukaria

4

In nano meters what is the smallest the human eye can see?

.2 nano meters

5

Name the reproductive structure of bread mold that is visible to the human eye

Rhizopus sporangia and sporangium

6

Organisms less than ______ mm in diameter are considered microscopic

0.2 mm

7

Can multicellular organisms be microscopic?

yes

8

What make up the largest microscopic life?

eukaryotes

9

Name the 3 types of organisms considered microscopic

bacteria, algae, protozoa

10

Name three examples of microscopic organisms

E. coli
Hepatitis B
Mycoplasma

11

Can you see mycoplasma under a light microscope?

only in the absolute best conditions

12

Can you see viruses under a light microscope?

no

13

What did Lineas do?

he made the first 2 kingdoms (plants and animals)

14

What did Whittaker do?

he reclassified things as monera, protista, fungi, plantae, animalia

15

What goes into the group monera according to Whittaker?

all prokaryotes

16

What is the difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

prokaryotes don't have membrane bound structures

17

T or F?
Monera lack ribosomes

False

18

What is the lowest level kingdom?

Monera

19

What kinds of organisms are in the kingdom protista?

simple eukaryotes; algae, water molds, protozoa

20

Name 5 examples of protista

green algae, potato blight, malaria, amoebic dysentery, Giardia

21

What kingdom does green algae belong to?

Protista

22

What kingdom does marlaria belong to?

Protista

23

Malaria is an example of _______ in the kingdom _______

protozoa, protista

24

Amoebic dysentery is an example of _______ in the kingdom _______

protozoa, protista

25

Giardia, which causes _________, is an example of _______ in the kingdom _______

beaver fever, protozoa, protista

26

Ringworm is an example of ________ in the kingdom ___________

a mold, fungi

27

Athlete's foot is an example of ________ in the kingdom ___________

a mold, fungi

28

Candida Albicans, which causes ________, is an example of ________ in the kingdom ___________

Thrush in the throat, a yeast, fungi

29

Ascaris is a type of _________ which belongs to the kingdom _______

round worm, animalia

30

What is a hemalith? What kingdom does it belong to?

worms that cause infection, animalia

31

Name 4 types of hemaliths

round worms, pin worms, flat worms, schistosoma

32

which kingdom holds absoptive heterotrophs?

fungi

33

which kingdom holds photosynthetic autotrophs?

plantae

34

which kingdom holds ingestive heterotrophs?

animalia

35

Are there unicellular fungi?

yes

36

are there unicellular plants?

no

37

name the 3 types of plants

bryophytes, gymnosperms, angiosperms

38

what are bryophytes?

mosses

39

what are gymnospers?

non-flowering plants (pines)

40

what are angiosperms?

any plant that flowers

41

what type of plant is grass?

angiosperm

42

are bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

prokaryotic

43

Do archaea cell walls have murein?

no

44

Do bacteria cell walls have murein?

yes

45

Bacteria cell membrane is phospholipids joined by _______ links

ester

46

Archaea cell membrane is phospholipids joined by _______ links

ether

47

Are archaea pathogenic?

no

48

name 3 examples of archaea

extreme thermophiles
methanogens
extreme halophiles

49

are viruses alive?

no

50

name 2 features of viruses

acellular
have either RNA or DNA

51

Is AIDS caused by a virus?

yes

52

Is malaria caused by a virus?

no

53

Is measles caused by a virus?

yes

54

Is pneumonia caused by a virus?

no

55

Is a cold caused by a virus?

yes

56

Is the flu caused by a virus?

yes

57

Is chlamydia caused by a virus?

no

58

Is hepatitis caused by a virus?

yes

59

Is herpes caused by a virus?

yes

60

Is dysentery caused by a virus?

no

61

Is HPV caused by a virus?

yes

62

Is chicken pox caused by a virus?

yes

63

What is phycology?

study of algae

64

What is mycology?

study of fungi

65

What is protozoology?

study of protozoa

66

What is vriology?

study of viruses

67

What is bacteriology?

study of bacteria

68

What is medical microbiology?

relationship of microorganisms, diseases they cause

69

What is parasitology?

study of parasites especially helminthes, fungi, and insects that transfer parasitic diseases

70

What is immunology?

study of antibodies, allergies, and hyper sensitivity

71

What is molecular biology?

the study of DNA, RNA, and gene recombination

72

What is microbial ecology?

the study of the microbes involved in environmental cycles such as carbon and nitrogen

73

What is microbial physiology?

study of the environmental cycles in depth especially concerning metabolism and fermentation

74

name 5 beneficial things bacteria do for us

decomposing
antibiotics
creation of other chemicals and drugs
research tools
foods

75

what is a saprophyte/saprobe?

they break down dead things

76

what are parasites?

they break down living things

77

what are antibiotics?

chemicals that are produced by microorganisms that stop/inhibit growth of another microorganism (in small amounts)

78

What are chemotheraputic agents?

drugs that have a very specific target and are not designed to have an effect directly on the paitent

79

Name an antibiotic that is chemotheraputic

penicillin

80

Name an antibiotic that is not chemotheraputic

cloprofloxacin

81

how does penicillin work?

it targets the murein in the cell wall of bacteria

82

how does cloprofloxacin work?

it blocks DNA synthesis in all creatures

83

name 4 chemicals that bacteria produce

alcohol, acetic acid, interferon, insulin

84

What fungi is used to make blue cheese?

penicillium