Flashcards in Lecture 1 Deck (84):
what is Taxonomy?
the naming, describing, classifying, grouping a bacteria, virus, etc.. great for both large and small organisms
what is Morphology?
structure and shape. Physiology (especially enzymatic functions), genetics (both DNA and RNA), ecology. Best for large organisms
Name the domains
archea, bacteria, eukaria
In nano meters what is the smallest the human eye can see?
.2 nano meters
Name the reproductive structure of bread mold that is visible to the human eye
Rhizopus sporangia and sporangium
Organisms less than ______ mm in diameter are considered microscopic
Can multicellular organisms be microscopic?
What make up the largest microscopic life?
Name the 3 types of organisms considered microscopic
bacteria, algae, protozoa
Name three examples of microscopic organisms
Can you see mycoplasma under a light microscope?
only in the absolute best conditions
Can you see viruses under a light microscope?
What did Lineas do?
he made the first 2 kingdoms (plants and animals)
What did Whittaker do?
he reclassified things as monera, protista, fungi, plantae, animalia
What goes into the group monera according to Whittaker?
What is the difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
prokaryotes don't have membrane bound structures
T or F?
Monera lack ribosomes
What is the lowest level kingdom?
What kinds of organisms are in the kingdom protista?
simple eukaryotes; algae, water molds, protozoa
Name 5 examples of protista
green algae, potato blight, malaria, amoebic dysentery, Giardia
What kingdom does green algae belong to?
What kingdom does marlaria belong to?
Malaria is an example of _______ in the kingdom _______
Amoebic dysentery is an example of _______ in the kingdom _______
Giardia, which causes _________, is an example of _______ in the kingdom _______
beaver fever, protozoa, protista
Ringworm is an example of ________ in the kingdom ___________
a mold, fungi
Athlete's foot is an example of ________ in the kingdom ___________
a mold, fungi
Candida Albicans, which causes ________, is an example of ________ in the kingdom ___________
Thrush in the throat, a yeast, fungi
Ascaris is a type of _________ which belongs to the kingdom _______
round worm, animalia
What is a hemalith? What kingdom does it belong to?
worms that cause infection, animalia
Name 4 types of hemaliths
round worms, pin worms, flat worms, schistosoma
which kingdom holds absoptive heterotrophs?
which kingdom holds photosynthetic autotrophs?
which kingdom holds ingestive heterotrophs?
Are there unicellular fungi?
are there unicellular plants?
name the 3 types of plants
bryophytes, gymnosperms, angiosperms
what are bryophytes?
what are gymnospers?
non-flowering plants (pines)
what are angiosperms?
any plant that flowers
what type of plant is grass?
are bacteria prokaryotic or eukaryotic?
Do archaea cell walls have murein?
Do bacteria cell walls have murein?
Bacteria cell membrane is phospholipids joined by _______ links
Archaea cell membrane is phospholipids joined by _______ links
Are archaea pathogenic?
name 3 examples of archaea
are viruses alive?
name 2 features of viruses
have either RNA or DNA
Is AIDS caused by a virus?
Is malaria caused by a virus?
Is measles caused by a virus?
Is pneumonia caused by a virus?
Is a cold caused by a virus?
Is the flu caused by a virus?
Is chlamydia caused by a virus?
Is hepatitis caused by a virus?
Is herpes caused by a virus?
Is dysentery caused by a virus?
Is HPV caused by a virus?
Is chicken pox caused by a virus?
What is phycology?
study of algae
What is mycology?
study of fungi
What is protozoology?
study of protozoa
What is vriology?
study of viruses
What is bacteriology?
study of bacteria
What is medical microbiology?
relationship of microorganisms, diseases they cause
What is parasitology?
study of parasites especially helminthes, fungi, and insects that transfer parasitic diseases
What is immunology?
study of antibodies, allergies, and hyper sensitivity
What is molecular biology?
the study of DNA, RNA, and gene recombination
What is microbial ecology?
the study of the microbes involved in environmental cycles such as carbon and nitrogen
What is microbial physiology?
study of the environmental cycles in depth especially concerning metabolism and fermentation
name 5 beneficial things bacteria do for us
creation of other chemicals and drugs
what is a saprophyte/saprobe?
they break down dead things
what are parasites?
they break down living things
what are antibiotics?
chemicals that are produced by microorganisms that stop/inhibit growth of another microorganism (in small amounts)
What are chemotheraputic agents?
drugs that have a very specific target and are not designed to have an effect directly on the paitent
Name an antibiotic that is chemotheraputic
Name an antibiotic that is not chemotheraputic
how does penicillin work?
it targets the murein in the cell wall of bacteria
how does cloprofloxacin work?
it blocks DNA synthesis in all creatures
name 4 chemicals that bacteria produce
alcohol, acetic acid, interferon, insulin