Lecture 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 4 Deck (78):
1

what is artificial classification?

Uses easily recognizable characteristics, but does not show the relationship between those of the same grouping (such as a phonebook lists names but does not show familial relationships)

2

which scientist used artificial classification?

Lineas and Whittaker

3

What is natural classification?

Shows common ancestry (by looking at DNA)

4

which scientist used natural classification?

Wose

5

What did Lineas do?

seperated life into plants and animals

6

What did Wose do?

made 3 domains:
bacteria, archea, eukayea

7

Name the 4 divisions in Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 1st edition

Gracilicutes, firicutes, tenericutes, mendosicutes

8

what does gracilicutes mean?

thin skinned

9

do gracilicutes gram stain positive or negative? (1st edition)

negative

10

what does firmicutes mean?

thick skinned

11

do firmicutes gram stain positive or negative? (1st edition)

positive

12

what does tenericutes mean?

soft skinned

13

what does mendosicutes mean?

faulty skinned

14

do mendosicutes gram stain positive or negative? (1st edition)

both

15

What is the full name of E. coli?

escherichia coli

16

what causes a form of nosocomial pneumonia?

klebsiella pneumoniae

17

what does nosocomial mean?

infected in the hospital

18

what 2 things does neisseria cause?

a form of ghonneria and a form of meningitus

19

what does treponema cause?

syphilis

20

what causes lyme disease?

borrelia

21

what does borrelia cause?

lyme disease

22

what causes chlamydia?

trachomatis

23

What does trachomatis cause?

chlamydia

24

what does rickettsia cause?

rocky mountain fever

25

what causes rocky mountain fever?

rickettsia

26

name 3 things that the streptococci bacteria causes

boils, meningitus, pneumonia

27

what does bacillus cause?

anthrax

28

which bacteria causes anthrax?

bacillus

29

what causes tetnus?

clostridium

30

what does clostridium cause?

tetnus

31

what does mycobacterium cause?

tuberculosis

32

what causes tuberculosis?

mycobacterium

33

what does corynebacterium cause?

diphtheria

34

what causes diphtheria?

corynebacterium

35

name 7 gracilicutes (1st edition)

e. coli, klbsiella, neisseria, treponema, borrelia, chlamydia, rickettsia

36

name 6 firmicutes (1st edition)

streptococci, bacillus, staphylococcus, clostridium, mycobacterium, corynebacterium

37

name 2 tenericutes (1st edition)

mycoplasmas and pneumonia

38

what is in the mendosicutes group? (1st edition)

archea

39

what classification does e. coli belong to? (1st edition)

gracilicutes

40

what classification does klebsiella belong to? (1st edition)

gracilicutes

41

what classification does neisseria belong to? (1st edition)

gracilicutes

42

what classification does trepnema belong to? (1st edition)

gracilicutes

43

what classification does borrelia belong to? (1st edition)

gracilicutes

44

what classification does chlamydia belong to? (1st edition)

gracilicutes

45

what classification does rickettsia belong to? (1st edition)

gracilicutes

46

what classification does streptococci belong to? (1st edition)

Firmicutes

47

what classification does bacillus belong to? (1st edition)

Firmicutes

48

what classification does staphylococcus belong to? (1st edition)

Firmicutes

49

what classification does clostridium belong to? (1st edition)

Firmicutes

50

what classification does mycobacterium belong to? (1st edition)

Firmicutes

51

what classification does corynebacterium belong to? (1st edition)

Firmicutes

52

what classification does mycoplasma belong to? (1st edition)

Tenericutes

53

what classification does archea belong to? (1st edition)

Mendosicutes

54

name the 6 classifications in the 2nd edition

cyanobacteria
actinobacteri
firmicutes
proteobacteria
chlamydia
spirochetes

55

name the only classification name that transferred from the first edition to the second edition

firmicutes

56

do cyanobacteria gram stain positive or negative? (2nd edition)

negative

57

do actinobacteria gram stain positive or negative? (2nd edition)

positive

58

do firmicutes gram stain positive or negative? (2nd edition)

positive

59

do spirochetes gram stain positive positive or negative? (2nd edition)

neither

60

what makes cyanobacteria special? (2nd edition)

they are photosynthetic

61

what makes actinobacteria special? (2nd edition)

they have a high guanine and cytosine ratio

62

what makes the firmicutes special? (2nd edition)

they have a low guanine and cytosine ratio

63

name 2 examples of actinobacteria (2nd edition)

mycobacteria and corynebacteria

64

name 5 examples of firmicutes (2nd edition)

staphylococci, stococci, bascillus, clostridium, mycoplasma

65

name 4 examples of proteobacteria (2nd edition)

e. coli, klebsiella, neisseria, rickettsia

66

name 2 examples of spirochetes (2nd edition)

teponema, borrelia

67

E. coli is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

gracilicutes, proteobacteria

68

klebsiella is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

gracilicutes, proteobacteria

69

neisseria is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

gracilicutes,proteobacteria

70

borrelia is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

gracilicutes, spirochetes

71

chlamydia is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

gracilicutes, chlamydia

72

rickettsia is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

gracilicutes, proteobacteria

73

streptococci is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

firmicutes, firmicutes

74

bacillus is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

firmicutes, firmicutes

75

staphylococcus is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

firmicutes, firmicutes

76

clostridium is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

firmicutes, firmicutes

77

mycobacterium is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

firmicutes, actinobacteria

78

corynebacterium is classified as ___ in the first edition of begery's manual. In the second it is classified as ___

firmicutes, actinobacteria