Lecture 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 10 Deck (13):
1

What is aerobic respiration?

use of electrons transport and chemiosmosis to combine electrons and protons carried by NADH with oxygen to form water

2

What is anaerobic respiration?

when electrons carried by NADH are transferred to compounds other than oxygen

3

What is fermentation?

When oxygen is scarce, organisms use organic compounds as electron acceptors, allowing the recycling of NAD+ and NADH

4

What is the only energy generation mechanism used during fermentation?

Glycolysis

5

What is the fermentation in humans?

Lactate fermentation

6

What is the fermentation in yeast and bacteria ?

alcoholic fermentation

7

What is photosynthesis?

The process by which cells can harvest the energy from the sunlight to produce energy rich organic compounds

8

What are the 2 types of photosynthesis?

- oxygenic (produce oxygen)
- anoxygenic (does not produce oxygen)

9

What the reaction of photosynthesis?

6co2 + 12 h2o >(light)> c6h12o6 + 6 o2 + 6 h2o

10

Where does photosynthesis occur?

In the leaf

11

What are pigments?

molecules that absorb light energy in the visible range

12

What is the most important pigment found in the chloroplast ?

Chlorophyll-a

13

What can photosynthesis be broken down to?

Know the series of 3 reactions