Lecture 1.2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 1.2 Deck (34):
1

cervical spine is part of the N___

cervical spine is part of the Neck

2

There are typically __ thoracic vertebrae

 

_  Lumbar

There are typically 12thoracic vertebrae

 

5 lumbar

 

 

3

The line of gravity mostly passes _____to vertebrae which helps reduce load

The line of gravity mostly passes adjacent to vertebrae which helps reduce load

4

Identify the secondary curavatures in the vertebral coloum

5

Why would vertebral coloum appear red?

Rich blood supply/

veins/arteries

6

Spinal cord terminates at?

Between L1 and 2

(Normally)

7

The bodies of lumbar vertebrae get ____ as you go down the spine

The bodies of lumbar vertebrae get bigger as you go down the spine

8


 What is unique to thoracic vertebrae?

Costal facets

 

(for ribs)

9

sacrum is made up of __fused vertebrae

5

10

What are the sacral foramen a the equivalent of in the upper parts of the vertbral coloumn

Intervertebral foramena

 

now positioned anterior and posterior

11

There are __ valve in the veins of body cavities

no

12

are there nerve roots at the sacral canal?


yes

13

 what major artery runs along the posterior adbominsl wall?

aorta

14

Veins in the vertebrae drain to the


external vertebral venous plexus

15

Epiphyseal growth plates can be mistaken for a _______ in the tips of spinous and transverse processes in adolescents

Epiphyseal growth plates can be mistaken for fractures in the tips of spinous and transverse processes in adolescents

16

The annulous attaches to the ______ ___ below and ab

The annulous attaches to the vertebral body below and above

 

holds it together

17

name the ligaments of the vertebrae

18

The layers in the annulus are _____ to each other

perpendicular

19

Twisting movements are dangerous because

only 50% of annular fibres are positioned to resist load

20

The annulus does have a blood supply in the ____ ___

outer 3rd

21

what innervates the annulus?

the Recurrent meningeal nerve

22

The joints of the vertebral arches are

synovial joints

23

Capsules of the vertebral synovial joints are supplied by

posterior rami

 

(also supply intrinsic musles and overlying skin)

24

The membrane around the spinal is...

the Dura Mater

25

what is positioned most superiorly in the vertebral canal

Veins

 

Internal verebral venous plexus

26


The nerve root is always in the ____ part of the vertebral foramen

upper

27

Label

28

Name 4 superficial back muscles


Trapezuis

latissimus dorsi

rhomboids

levator scapulae

29

The superficial muscles of the back (except trapezius) are innervated by

Anterior rami

30

Upper limb muscles are generally suppled by vessels branching from the....


Brachial Plexus

31

Deep muscle - Erector spinae runs ______ to the verebral coloumn

parallel

32

What group of muscles lies in between the transve process and the spinous process?

Transversospinalis

33

Erector spinae are prime movers for ____


extension

34