Lecture 2.1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 2.1 Deck (46):
1

The lower and upper limb develop from __ somites


5

2


5-6 embryonic weeks - curvature at ___/___


elbow/knee

3


The _____ lib undergoes complete medial rotation the dorsal side is pronated


The lower lib undergoes complete medial rotation the dorsal side is pronated

4

The top of the sternum is called..

The Manubrium

5

label

6

label

7

The Clavicle starts ossifying in the__ -__th embryonic week

 

It is also one of the ___ bones to finish ossification

The Clavicle starts ossifying in the 5-6th embryonic week

 

It is also one of the last bones to finish ossification

8

The claivicle is a __ bone

 

It has ________and __________ossification and intramembranous

 

 

long bone

It has endochondrial and intramembranous ossification

9

true or False

 

endochondrial ossification includes medullary cavity

True

10

Does the clavicle have bone marrow?

 

No

 

It is made up of spongy (cancellous) bone with a shell of compact bone.

11

Fractures of the Clavicle are common between the ____...

lateral 1/3 and medial 2/3

12

THe petoralis major attaches to the ______end of the clavicle

Medial

13

Label

14

the suprascaula nerve goes in the suprascapular___

notch

15

The most susptible part of the scapula fracture is the ...

acromium

16

Label

17

What goes through the intertubercular grooveon the humerous

 

TEndon of the Biceps (one of the structures)

18

which is bigger on the humerous

the lateral or medial epicondyle?

medial

19

THe olecranon fossa recieves the ___

ulna

20

most fractures of the humerous happen at the _____ neck,

 

what two structures are endangered?

Surgical neck

 

 

axillary nerve

circumflex humeral artery (posterior humeral circumflex artery)

21

median nerve and brachial artery are endangered by a frature of the humerus at the _____

midshaft

22

The medial epicondyle (if broken) can endanger the ____ ___

ulna nerve

23

The ________ is the outermost layer of muscles

 

it ensheaths the entire muscle.

epimyseum

24

Trapezium and lat dorsi create a triangle called the triangle of ______

auscultation

25

rhomboid minor is _______to rhomboid major

 

superior

26

pectora performs ____ and __ _____

adduction and internal rotation

27

what muscle is highlighted?

Subclavious

28

whatis the muscle?

Serratus anterior

29

theserratus anterior is odd in terms of the nerve supply -  it is ...

superficial to the muscle

30

The deltoid inserts on the...

deltoid tuberosity

 

for abduction mainly

31

the rotator cuff muscles actto..

 

 

 

stabilise shoulder

act as dynamic ligaments

fixators

32

Theeltoidinsertson the deltoid tuerosity on the _____

humerus

33

The anterior fibres of detoid can work _______________of the posterior fibres

independantly

34

THe most powerful actionof the deltoid is an ________

abductor

35

Teresmajor is an ______

 

adductor

36

What are the  four rotator cuff mucles?

 

Label

Supraspinatus muscle

Infraspinatus muscle

Teres minor muscle

Subscapularis muscle

(SITS)

37

The axillary artery is a continuation of the _______ artery

 

subclavian arery

once it pasts the teres major

38

Rotator cuff muscles act as...

dynamic ligaments

fixator muscles

39

The __________ muscle initiates abduction of the shoulder (first 15%)

The Supra-spinatus muscle initiates abduction of the shoulder (first 15%)

40

The ___________bursae helps move the supraspinatous muscle

The subacromial bursae helps move the supraspinatous

41

The impingement o suprasinatus results in Frozen shouler, or _______ ______.

 

Adhesive capsulitis

 

Wit the build up of calcuim can have the synovial tissue 'sticking' to the joint

42

The long-head of the biceps has an ____________ pathway

intracapsular

 

goes through the glenohumeral joint

43

The ____________ nerve travels through the body of the coracobrahialis muscle

 

musculo-cutaneous nerve

44

true or False

The brachialis origin is midway through the shaft of he humerus

 

True

45

triceps insert on the ________process of the Ulna

olecranon

46

What goes through the followed apertures:

Suprascapua notch

Quadrangular space

Triangular space

Triangular interval

Suprascapua notch - suprascapula nerve goes through (SS artery goes above it)

Quadrangular space - Axillary nerve & posterior humeral circumflex artery

Triangular penis space - the circumflex scapula artery (small)

Triangular interval - Radial & Deep brachial artery