The lower and upper limb develop from __ somites
5-6 embryonic weeks - curvature at ___/___
The _____ lib undergoes complete medial rotation the dorsal side is pronated
The lower lib undergoes complete medial rotation the dorsal side is pronated
The top of the sternum is called..
The Clavicle starts ossifying in the__ -__th embryonic week
It is also one of the ___ bones to finish ossification
The Clavicle starts ossifying in the 5-6th embryonic week
It is also one of the last bones to finish ossification
The claivicle is a __ bone
It has ________and __________ossification and intramembranous
It has endochondrial and intramembranous ossification
true or False
endochondrial ossification includes medullary cavity
Does the clavicle have bone marrow?
It is made up of spongy (cancellous) bone with a shell of compact bone.
Fractures of the Clavicle are common between the ____...
lateral 1/3 and medial 2/3
THe petoralis major attaches to the ______end of the clavicle
the suprascaula nerve goes in the suprascapular___
The most susptible part of the scapula fracture is the ...
What goes through the intertubercular grooveon the humerous
TEndon of the Biceps (one of the structures)
which is bigger on the humerous
the lateral or medial epicondyle?
THe olecranon fossa recieves the ___
most fractures of the humerous happen at the _____ neck,
what two structures are endangered?
circumflex humeral artery (posterior humeral circumflex artery)
median nerve and brachial artery are endangered by a frature of the humerus at the _____
The medial epicondyle (if broken) can endanger the ____ ___
The ________ is the outermost layer of muscles
it ensheaths the entire muscle.
Trapezium and lat dorsi create a triangle called the triangle of ______
rhomboid minor is _______to rhomboid major
pectora performs ____ and __ _____
adduction and internal rotation
what muscle is highlighted?
whatis the muscle?
theserratus anterior is odd in terms of the nerve supply - it is ...
superficial to the muscle
The deltoid inserts on the...
for abduction mainly
the rotator cuff muscles actto..
act as dynamic ligaments
Theeltoidinsertson the deltoid tuerosity on the _____
The anterior fibres of detoid can work _______________of the posterior fibres
THe most powerful actionof the deltoid is an ________
Teresmajor is an ______
What are the four rotator cuff mucles?
Teres minor muscle
The axillary artery is a continuation of the _______ artery
once it pasts the teres major
Rotator cuff muscles act as...
The __________ muscle initiates abduction of the shoulder (first 15%)
The Supra-spinatus muscle initiates abduction of the shoulder (first 15%)
The ___________bursae helps move the supraspinatous muscle
The subacromial bursae helps move the supraspinatous
The impingement o suprasinatus results in Frozen shouler, or _______ ______.
Wit the build up of calcuim can have the synovial tissue 'sticking' to the joint
The long-head of the biceps has an ____________ pathway
goes through the glenohumeral joint
The ____________ nerve travels through the body of the coracobrahialis muscle
true or False
The brachialis origin is midway through the shaft of he humerus
triceps insert on the ________process of the Ulna
What goes through the followed apertures:
Suprascapua notch - suprascapula nerve goes through (SS artery goes above it)
Quadrangular space - Axillary nerve & posterior humeral circumflex artery
Triangular penis space - the circumflex scapula artery (small)
Triangular interval - Radial & Deep brachial artery