Lecture 6.2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 6.2 Deck (27):
1

Extensors are positions ________ in lower limb

anteriorly

2

The gluteal region is ________

 

posterolateral

3

Gluteal region: from ____ crest  to the ______fold below

Gluteal region: from illiac crest  to the gluteal fold below

4

Thigh is from the ______ ligament to the knee joint anteriorly or

 

from the ______ fold to knee posteriorly

Thigh is from the inguinal ligament to the knee joint anteriorly or

 

from the gluteal fold to knee posteriorly

5

Illium - superiorly

 

Ishium - _____

 

Pubis - ______

Illium - superiorly

 

Ishium - Posterior

 

Pubis - anterior

6

What is the acetabulum?

There are three bones of the hip bone that come together to form the acetabulum. Contributing a little more than two-fifths of the structure is the ischium, which provides lower and side boundaries to the acetabulum. The ilium forms the upper boundary, providing a little less than two-fifths of the structure of the acetabulum. The rest is formed by the pubis, near the midline.

7

Idetify ASIS and AIIS

8

The femoral neck forms and angle of ___ degrees with the femoral shaft

125 degrees

9

The lesser trochanter is located...

 

posteromedially

10

The muscles in the thigh and leg are seperated into compartments by...

bone, fascia and interosseous membrane

11

deep fascia of the thigh is called

 

fascia lata

12

The illiotibial tract help maintain ________

extension

13

Glut.max is the ___ and lateral _______ f the hip joint

 

 

Like the posterior fibres of Deltoid

 

Glut.max is the extendorand lateral rotator of the hip joint

14

The rectus femoris attaches to the ....

 

AIIS

 

and to a roughened patch of bone between the superior margin of the acetabulum and the inferior gluteal line

15

The ishial tuberosity is associated with the ___ muscles

hamstring

16

The lateral region of the lower are of the ishail tuberosity provides attachemnt for part of which adductor?

 

adductor magnus

17

the medial part of the lower ishail tuberosity faces inferiorly and is covered by connective tissue and a ____

the medial part of the lower ishail tuberosity faces inferiorly and is covered by connective tissue and a bursae

18

Gluteus medius and minimus both insert on the

greater trochanter of the femur

19

The linea aspera is a major sit of muscle attachment in the thigh, superior to it is which tuberosity (posterior) which is where the glut max. inserts?

Gluteal tuberosity

20

The iliofemoral ligament is _____ to the hip joint

 

anterior

21

The piriformis (lateral rotator) muscle passes out of the pelvis into the gluteal region through the...

 

In this space, what goes above piriformis and what goes below?

 

The piriformis (lateral rotator) muscle passes out of the pelvis into the gluteal region through the greater sciatic foreamen

 

Above it:

  • superior gluteal nerve and vessels

 

Below:

  • inf. gluteal a.
  • in.f gluteal n.
  • pudendal n.
  • inf. pudendal vessels
  • post. cut. n. of thigh
  • nerve to the quadratus femoris
  • nerve to the gemellus inferior.

 

 

22

What goes through the obturator canal?

obturator nerve

obturator artery/vein

23

The obturator and femoral nerve originate from which spinal segment?>

 

L2 to L4

24

The illiotibial tract and it's two associated msucles (glut max. and tensor fascia latae) prevent lateral displacement of what?

 

hip joint

 

prevent proximal end of the femur from moving away from the acetabulum

25

The Gluteus _____holds the pelvis horizontal in locomotion

The Gluteus minimus holds the pelvis horizontal in locomotion

26

Tensor fascia latae stabilised the knee in _____

Tensor fascia latae stabilised the knee in extension

27