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Flashcards in Lecture 2 Deck (68)
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1

What phylum does angiosperm belong to

Anthophyta

2

What are flowering plants called

angiosperms

3

How many species belong to Anthophyta

300,000-450,000

4

What are the two major classes of Anthophyta

monocotyledons and eudicotyledons

5

How many species are in the monocotyledons

90,000 species

6

What are some examples of monocotyledons

grasses, lillies, irises, orchids, and palms

7

How many species are in the eudicotyledons

200,000 species

8

What are some examples of eudicotyledons

trees, shrubs, and some herbs

9

How many flowering parts does a monocot have and how many does a eudicot have

monocot: in threes
eudicot: in fours or fives

10

What type of pollen part does a monocot have and what type does a eudicot have

monocot: monoaperturate
eudicot: triaperturate

11

How many cotyledons does a monocot have and how many does a eudicot have

monocot: one
eudicot: two

12

What is the leaf venation like on a monocot and what is it like on a eudicot

monocot: parallel
eudicot: netlike

13

How are the primary vascular bundles in the stem arranged in a monocot and eudicot

monocot: complex arrangement
eudicot: in a ring

14

Is true secondary growth, with vascular cambium present in a monocot and eudicot

monocot: rare
eudicot: commonly present

15

What is a cotyledon

the first leaf to emerge

16

What are some other flowering plants aside from monocot and eudicots

parasitic plants and myco-heterotrophs

17

How many species of parasitic plants are there

3000 species

18

What is unique about myco-heterotrophs

they have obligate relationships with mycorrhizal fungi and lack chlorophyll

19

What are the specialized organs that parasitic plants have

haustoria, they penetrate tissues of their hosts

20

Which shoot has the sporophyll

the determinate shoot

21

what are sporophylls commonly called

leaves

22

How does the determinate stem differ from the other stems

it stops growing once it bears a flower

23

What classifies a plant as a peduncle

if it has one flower

24

What are the male parts on the flower

the stamen which includes the anther and the filament

25

What are the female parts on the flower

the carpel and that contains the ovary

26

What are inflorescences

aggregation of flowers

27

What is the peduncle

the main flower stalk

28

What is the pedicel

the stem that connects the flower and the main stem

29

What are the sterile appendages on a flower

perianth

30

What are the sepals called

calyx