Lecture 20: Emotional Intelligence Flashcards Preview

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What is emotional intelligence?

*Appraisal and expression of emotion, utilization of emotion, and regulation of emotion.
*The ability to perceive, understand and manage emotions in self and others.
*Involves inhibition, e.g., delay of gratification - marshmallow test.
*Involves social emotional problem solving and affective social competence
*Often referred to as EL or EQ - emotional quotient.

*People Skills
-Howard Gardner (1983) - intrapersonal intelligence
- These include cognitive abilities, practical intelligences, intrapersonal and interpersonal skills.
*Reading nonverbal emotional communication
- Everyday knowledge and skills; real life intelligence.
- Practical knowledge can be very sophisticated & complex but unrelated to IQ & academic performance.
*Managing anger, frustration, and loneliness.


How is emotional intelligence measured?

*Social emotional problem solving and competence
- Self - report
- Skill based assessment
- Skill based instruction
- Specific skills - empathy
- Emotions & moral reasoning.
*Delay of gratification
- marshmallow test
- Future consequences.
*Ability based measures of Emotional Intelligene
- Multi - factor intelligence scale (MEIS)
- Mayer - Salovey - Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) Mayer et al, 2002.
- Bar on (1997) Bar on emotional Quotient Inventory.


What are the advantages and disadvantages to the self report method?

*easy to administer
*Freely available
*Not based on performance
*Free of contextual information


What are the 4 branches of Emotional Intelligence?

*Perceiving emotional - accurate perception of emotion in self & others.
*Facilitating thought - Ability to use emotions.
*Understanding emotions - Understanding of emotion, especially language of emotion.
*Managing emotions - Ability to manage in self & others.


What does emotional intelligence predict in terms of the delay in gratification?

*Measures impulse control in preschoolers (4 years +)
*Delay gratification in preschoolers predicts
-Self regulation & coping in adolescence & adults.
- Resistance to temptation - tolerance of frustration
-Dependability in teenagers
-Sat Scores.
*Life time of similar impulse
*Behavioural and brain basis of impulse control as an adult.
*If a preschooler had a low delay ability, then as an adult there is a greater activation of ventral striatum in his emotional inhibition task.
*Resistance to temptation - relatively stable individual characteristics.
*Brain correlates of self - control strategies do not involve cognitive control in general, but in particular responses to positive stimuli.
*Resisting temptation involves both fronto striatal activations.


What considerations should be made for future consequence scale?

*Construct - measures our tendency to consider potential distant outcomes of current behaviour and influence on current behaviour.
*How is this EI:
- Management of emotions in self
- Inhibit emotional reactions to immediate reward - recruit cognition.
*Higher scores on this scale positively linked with
-Conscientiousness, optimism, hope, internal locus of control
- General concern for health
- People with higher scores tend to be more green.


What skills of emotional competence are there?

(Saarni, 1999)
*Awareness of one's emotional state
*Recognise & understand others' emotions
*Use the vocabulary of emotion
*Empathetic & sympathetic involvement with others' emotions.
*Inner emotional state need not correspond to outer expression
*Adaptive coping by self regulation strategies.
*Emotional self - efficacy.


What is Affective social competence?

*Builds upon Saarni's ideas (different from EI)
- Less concerned with estimating intelligence
- More concerned with emotional understanding within relationships
*Three basic components
- Sending affective messages
- Receiving affective messages
- Experiencing affect
*Within each component, 4 progressions to success
- Awareness
- Identification
- Working within social context
- Management & regulation.


How does EQ relate to IQ and personality?

*EI not correlated with IQ
*Not correlated with neuroticism
*EI related to personality dimensions
*EI related to self esteem, life satisfaction and relationship quality.
*IQ and EI related to ability to manage moods.