Flashcards in Lecture 8: Non - Verbal communication Deck (12)
What is non - verbal communication?
*The way the spoken is presented
What is verbal communication?
How do you make non verbal judgements accurate?
*May invade other's space
*Judging whether people are friends
What types of gender differences are there?
*Males are more sensitive to pre - information
*Women are more sensitive to behaviour displayed by others. Women are better at non - verbal decoders than men.
Women learn to pay attention, men learn to be more dominant.
*Approach others more closely
*Men more than women impute sexual meaning into women's displays of friendliness, due to a generalised tendency to see the world in more sexual terms.
Can people detect lies in everyday life situations?
57% of people can tell whether or not if a stranger is lying
58% of people can tell if there friend or partner is lying or not.
How do you make a good impression?
*Looking into the eyes of the conversation partner.
*Nod your head
*Speak loud and clear
*Make supportive gestures.
Why don't we all show positive behaviour?
*People are less aware of their non verbal behaviour.
*People can't deliberately control their non verbal behaviour very well.
What ethnic differences are there in nonverbal behaviour? (Vrij et al 1992)
**Mediterranean compared to Dutch participants
*Nonfunctional movements -
*Gaze aversion >
*Gaze aversion >
Are smiles significant?
*Power of smiles: When Reagan smiled observers smiled too
*Sex differences in smiling: Feminine women smile, masculine men don't.
*Thus, man's smiles are more informative
*Children discount mother's smiles more often than father's smiles.
What are self - fulfilling prophecies?
*Your own ideas guide your behaviour.
*Your behaviour influences the other person's behaviour in such way that your ideas are supported.
What was Christensen & Rosenthal's (1982) study?
*Interviewers interviewed interviewees.
Prior to the interview, interviewers were told that interviewees were highly sociable or neutral.
*Interviewees were asked?
- Did you like the interaction
- Did you feel liked by the interviewer?
- How positive was behaviour of the interviewer?
- How positive was behaviour of the interviewee?
- Observers were asked to assess interviews?
*High scores means positive judgement by interviewees.