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Flashcards in Lesson 12 Deck (44):
1

Ex post facto

Changes the legality of an act after it has occurred

2

Secede

Withdraw

3

Supremacy clause

Article 6 section 2

4

Tariffs

Taxes on imports of manufactured goods

5

Delegates included phrases in the constitution that

Set forth powers of the national government

6

Article I section 4: grants state legislatures power to decide

Details of elections for senators and reps but also grants congress power to make or change those regulations

7

Article I section 8: gives congress power to set

Procedure for calling the militia into national service

8

Article IV, section. 3: gives congress power to

Create new states

9

Article IV, section 4: gives national gov power to guarantee each state a

"Republican form of government"

10

Article IV, section 4: requires national government to protect states from

Invasion or violence

11

Article vi, section 2: supremacy clause, makes constitution and all laws and treaties approved by congress the

Supreme law of the land. States that judges in state courts must follow the constitution or federal laws and treaties

12

(Provisions to protect rights)national gov may not suspend the

Writ of habeas corpus unless public safety at require if

13

(Main parts of electoral college) national government may not pass

Ex post facto and bills of attainder

14

(Main parts of electoral college) national gov may not suspend the right to

Trial by jury

15

(Main parts of electoral college) protection from the accusation of

Treason which can only be changed by a constitutional convention

16

Bill of attainder: punishment ordered by a legislature rather than by a court which declares

A person guilty of a crime and decrees a punishment without a judicial trial

17

(Provisions to protect political independence) members of congress cannot be arrested unless they commit

"Treason, felony, and beech of peace"

18

(Provisions to protect political independence) congress cannot impose

Religious test on people who hold national office

19

(Provisions to protect political independence) if member of executive or judicial are accused of misconduct

Impeachment clauses protect their right to fair trial

20

(Provisions to protect political independence) national gov cannot take money from treasury without

Appropriations

21

(Provisions to protect political independence) national gov cannot grant

Titles of nobility

22

States prohibited from:

Coining own money
Passing laws that violate contracts
Ex post fact/ bills of attainder
Entering foreign treaties/ declaring war
Granting titles of nobility
Levying taxes on imports: exports except as necessary
Keeping troops/ ships in times of peace
Discriminating against another states citizens
Refusing to return fugitives from justice to states from which they left

23

Most delegates opposed

Slavery

24

Words slave and slavery never

Appear in the constitution

25

Slaveholder a considers slaves to be

Personal property

26

Most delegates argued that slavery was a

State institution like other issues related to property rights

27

Some states suggested that if the constitution interfered with slavery they would

Not become part of he new nation

28

Fugitive slave cause: shows how delegates attempted to

Balance views regarding slavery
States that if a slave escapes to another stage thy must be returned to owner

29

Constitution was not to make slavery

Legal on a national level

30

Southerners wanted a 2/3 vote of

Both houses to pass committees

31

Southern delegates feared that northern congressmen would

Seek tariffs

32

Constitution provided that national government would not interfere with

Importation of slaves earlier than 1808

33

Slavery was the only issue that was

Not directly addressed

34

Constitution said nothing about

National citizenship

35

Question of citizenship left to each state due to fact that

Delegates couldn't agree

36

Constitution said little about

Voting rights

37

Each state had its own voting laws that defined

Property qualifications

38

Constitution prescribes voting rights only once stating that anyone with the right to vote for

"The most numerous branch in the state legislature" can also vote in elections for the house

39

Argument that voting for the house should be

Restricted to landowners

40

Americans were unlikely to ratify the constitution if it

Repealed their voting rights

41

Constitution barely suggests

Boundaries between national and state power

42

Issue of a states right to secede from the U.S. Once they ratified the constitution was not

Addressed within the constitution

43

States argued that they possessed the right to

Secede if the gov enacted measures that were intolerable

44

A civil war would

Resolve this question