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Flashcards in Lesson 3 Deck (37):
1

City state

An independent state consisting of a city and the surrounding territory

2

Feudalism

Social system based on principle of land for service

3

Jude's Christian

Involved beliefs of both Christianity and Judaism

4

Nation state

Sovereign state in which citizens have significant simulators in terms of language and common descent

5

Private morality

Virtues of inner faith and obedience to gods law

6

Public morality

Virtues important for acting in a community

7

Founders knew that differing religious beliefs had caused

Serious political problems

8

Judeo christian morality emphasized

Private morality rather than public morality

9

Christian teachings stressed

Dignity and worth of each human being

10

Founders commitment to liberty and individual rights sprang from their belief in

Christian ideals

11

Capitalism

Means of producing and distributing goods are privately owned and operated for profit in competitive markets

12

Government in Middle Ages followed hierarchical pattern known as

Feudalism

13

Medieval thinkers borrowed the classical idea of

Harmony between each individual and the whole of society: "Christian republic"

14

They borrowed the idea of Plato that some parts of society are

More important than others but thy all are necessary for the food of the whole

15

Essential ideas of feudalism

Society divided into classes and groups
Hierarchical
Social relationships were permanent and hereditary
Rights and duties tied to group membership of particular grants of land

16

During the Renaissance some people began to place greater importance on the

Individual rather than the class or group they were born into

17

Growing possibilities for individual opportunity led to increased interest in

Philosophers and jurists in he rights of individuals

18

There was a reexamination of individuals relationship to

Religious institutions and governments

19

The Protestant reformation was another stimulus to

Modern individualism

20

Being able to read the Bible for oneself encouraged

Greater freedom of conscience

21

All individuals were seen as

Equal in the eyes of God

22

Reformation contributed to creation of modern individualism by inspiring

Spirit of free inquiry and individual conscience

23

In 1648 the peace of Westphalia end the thirty years war which had been fought since

1618 in what is currently Germany

24

Peace of Westphalia marked the beginning of the modern system of

Nation states

25

Peace of Westphalia recognized

National sovereignty, right of each nation state to an independent existence

26

Each nation state would

Respect others and each nation state would choose their own institutions

27

Rise o nation state was important to the

Development of modern ideas about government and rights

28

In capitalism goods and services are

Freely exchanged

29

Capitalism offered more

Opportunities to people and allowed them to pay attention to private interests

30

Natural rights philosophy and Protestant religion both contributed to the

Rise of capitalism

31

Age of Enlightenment

Flourishing scientific and intellectual movement

32

Francis bacon believed in the power of

Human reason and observation to understand and control nature

33

Bacons goal was to

Subdue nature for the benefit of humanity

34

Belief in science and reason also influenced the

Study of human nature and government

35

Locke and Hobbes ideas founded notion that human behavior could be

Understood predicted and controlled

36

Montesquieu argued that the form of a society's government corresponds to the

Social economic and geographic conditions of that society

37

American founders believes that reason and observation would enable them to

Understand the workings of governmental and social institutions