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Flashcards in Lesson 11 Deck (57):
1

Electoral college

Compromise that did not give any group the power to select the president

2

Enumerated powers

Powers specifically listed

3

Necessary and proper clause

Granted confess powe for making ball other laws that were necessary and proper for carrying out enumerated powers

4

Separated powers

A government of separated institutions sharing powers

5

Shared powers

Powers that aren't completely separated between branches of gov but are shared among them

6

Americans thought that an balance of power led to

Tyranny

7

Many state constitutions provided for

Weak executives which were unable to check legislative powers

8

In many people's opinion legislatures passed laws that

Violated rights

9

Challenge of creating a government with

Balanced powers

10

Separated powers

"Checks and balances"

11

Delegates wanted congress to be a

Deliberative body

12

Bicameral structure made it difficult to

Pass laws

13

Delegates believed that power to legislate is the

Greatest power possessed by government

14

Sought to prevent

Corruption

15

Members of congress not permitted to hold

Another office while serving in house or senate

16

Virginia plan would have given congress

Plenary powers unlike the NJ Plan

17

Congress became a body with enumerated powers with

Adoption of the great compromise

18

Congress had power to make all other laws that were

Necessary and proper for carryin out enumerated powers (necessary and proper clause)

19

Executive necessary for coordination of

Foreign affairs and management of treasury

20

Framers wanted to give executive branch enough power and independence to

Fulfill its responsibilities

21

Executive needed energy:

The capacity to act quickly when necessary for common defense to preserve public peace and in international relations

22

Delegates did not want to give executive any power or independence that

Could be abused

23

Deliberative body

Should thoroughly debate issues and avoid making hasty decisions

24

Three key matters needed to be decided to achieve balance between executive and limited gov

Single or plural executive
Term of office for executive possibility of reelection

25

Single or plural executive

Confess could keep watch over single
Plural would be less likely to be tyrannical

26

Length of office for executive

Term originally 7, committee on postponed matters chnsged to 4

27

Eligibility for reelection

Initially constitution didn't set any limits on number of terms a president could serve

28

Delegates wee aware that group with powe to select the president would

Have power over the president

29

Discussed idea of direct election by people but

Rejected it believing that citizens wouldn't know best candidates

30

Allowing people to elect president directly

"Trial of colours to a blind man"

31

Congress could neither increase or decrease a

Presidents salary once they wee in office

32

If president wee not chosen by congress then providing a shorter term of office would

Make the president more accountable to the people

33

Selection by state legislatures or governors might make president too

Sensitive to local matters

34

Committee of postponed matters proposed a compromise that did not give

Any group the power to select the president

35

(Main parts of electoral college) would be organized every

4 years to select a president

36

(Main parts of electoral college) each star would select members of the electoral colts:

State legislatures maintained control over how and by whole electors would be chosen

37

(Main parts of electoral college) each date would have the same number of

Electors as it had senators and reps in congress

38

(Main parts of electoral college) each elector would vote for 2 people one of which had to be

A member of a state other than the electors state

39

(Main parts of electoral college) person who received highest number of votes would

Become president. Next runner up would become Vice President

40

(Main parts of electoral college) if the top two candidates had same number of votes then house would select the president by a

Majority vote with each state only having one vote.

41

(Main parts of electoral college) if there was vice presidential tie the

Senate would select the Vice President in the same manner

42

A judicial beanch would complete the

Separation of powers

43

Judges would be appointed by the president and

Confirmed by the senate

44

All criminal trials should be

Trials by jury

45

Supreme Court as head of national

Jusiciary

46

Congress had power to create

Lesser federal tribunals

47

Judges should be

Independent of politics

48

Judges should be removed from office only if they were

Impeached and convinced of "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors."

49

Jusiciary given the power to

Decide conflicts between state give and issues involving national gov

50

Frames limited powers of each branch and provided that they had some

Shared powers

51

Veto: president shares in

Legislative power through veto
Congress can override veto

52

Appointments: power to appoint

Executive branch officials and federal judges shared with confess

53

(Appointments) president has power to nominate people

To fill positions as branch officials and judges but senate can approve or disapprove nominations

54

War: president is commander in chief of armed forces but only

Congress has power to declare war. Congress controls money necessary to wage a war

55

Impeachment

Congress can impeach president, members of executive, and federal judges.

56

(Impeachment) only house can bring the charges but senate

Holds a trial to determine the officials guilt or innocence

57

Judicial review

Judicial branch could review acts of congress