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Flashcards in Lesson 9 Deck (61):
1

Constitutional convention

Philadelphia convention

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Delegate

Framers of the constitution
Representatives of states

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Federal system

Existence of two governments, national and state, each given a certain amount of authority

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Proportional representation meant that states with larger populations would have

More representative sin legislature than states with smaller populations

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55 delegates attended the

Philadelphia convention

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Delegates were appointed by

State legislatures ranging from 2 to 8 per state

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Each state had -- vote in the convention

One

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Some delegates were wealthy but most

Weren't

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3/4 of delegates ever in

Congress and were prominent in their states

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George Washington

Most respected and honored man in the country

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Washington led the American arm to

Victories over British end faced difficulties in regards to confess supplying his army

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Washington was convinced that the U.S. Needed a

A strong national government

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Washington was unanimously elected as

President of the convention but did not take an active role in the debates o

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Washing tons presence and support of the constitution was

Essential to its success

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James Madison was among the youngest of the

Revolutionary leaders

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Madison was in committee to frame

Virginias constitution

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Madison convinced George mason to champs the clause in Virginia declaration that guaranteed toleration of religion to

Free exercise

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Madison studied ancient and modern

Political theory to prepare for convention

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Benjamin Franklin

Internationally respected
Aura of wisdom

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Alexander Hamilton: Washingtonians aide in the

Revolution

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Hamilton left Philadelphia in frustration before convention was half over but returned in September to

Sign the constitution

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James Wilson

Major influence esp on how delegates shaped the office of president

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Governor Morris

One of delegates that spoke most often
Principal role in drafting constitution

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Edmund Randolph: introduced the

Virginia plan to the convention and headed Virginias delegation

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Randolph refused to sign constitution but

Supported its ratification

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Roger Sherman

Connecticut compromise on representation in congress
Shaped American federalism

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Civil discourse: a reasoned discussion in which every member has the opportunity to

Speak on any question, no one can drown out others' ideas and listening is just as important as speaking

28

Thomas Paris was in Paris as

U.S. Minister

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John Adams, important author of mass constitution, was

Serving as U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain

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Patrick Henry refused to

Attend the conversion and was an anti constitutionalist

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Some others who didn't attend

John Hancock
Samuel Adams
Richard Henry Lee

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Those islands state legislature did not approve of the

Convention and didn't send delegates

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Rhode Island believed that it would be able to veto

Whatever was proposed by refusing to participate

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Delegates appointed a committee to

Draw up the rules for the meeting

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(Rules to govern debates) delegates from at least 7 states had to be

Present for the convention to do business

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(Rules to govern debates) a delegate had o request permission for absence of his absence would

Leave the state without representation

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(Rules to govern debates) when riding to speak the delegate would have to address

The president

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(Rules to govern debates) ultimate respect would be shown when a delegate was

Speaking

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(Rules to govern debates) a member was not allowed to speak more than twice about the same topic and could only speak the second time after

Every other member had an opportunity to speak

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(Rules to govern debates) committees appointed as

Necessary

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(Rules to govern debates) any decision made could be

Reconsidered or changed

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(Rules to govern debates) no decision would be final until the entire plan was

Complete

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(Rules to govern debates) proceedings were to remain

Secret but notes were allowed

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Every provision in the constitution is related to

Many others

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Secrecy allowed

Free exchange of ideas

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Thought that the new constitution would have a better chance at success of the people

Did not know about their arguments during debates

47

4 critical points delegates appointed committees for:

Committee to resolve issue of representation
Committee of detail
Committee on postponed matters
Committee on style

48

Committee of detail

To write a draft including provisions for executive and judicial

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Committee on postponed matters to

Deal with things such as how national president would be elected

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Committee on style to prepare the

Final language

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Many delegates arrived at Philadelphia with the belief that the articles should have been

Rid of rather than revised

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James Madison had drafted a plan for a

New government

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Virginia plan was basis for the conventions

Discussions

54

Virginia plan proposed a strong national gov that would have the authority to

Make and enforce laws and collect taxes

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Authority of two governments

National and state governments

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(Virginia plan recommended) national government with

3 branches
Legislative with most power

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(Virginia plan recommended)congress would have two houses

House of reps
Senate

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(Virginia plan recommended)number of reps from each state would be based on

Population or the amount of its contribution to federal treasury

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(Virginia plan recommended)congress could make all laws that individual states

Could not make

60

(Virginia plan recommended)congress could eradicate state laws that were in violation of

Mario al constitution and interest

61

(Virginia plan recommended)congress could call forth the army of the nation against a state to

Enforce laws passed by congress