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Flashcards in Lesson 7 Deck (44):
1

Legislative supremacy

Legislative body has absolute sovereignty and is supreme over all government institutions

2

Veto

Nullify
Right to nullify laws that legislature has enacted

3

States were United only by their common commitment to

Fight the war for independence from Britain

4

Before the colonies formally declared independence the second continental congress adopted a

Resolution calling on each stage to make a new constitution

5

Important modifications were made to

These constitutions

6

State constitutions used basic ideas of

Natural rights
Rule of law
Republicanism
Constitutional government

7

States experimented with various models in writing their

New constitutions

8

State constitutions all had same basic principles

Higher law and natural rights
Social contract
Popular sovereignty
Representation and right to vote
Legislative supremacy

9

Representation and the right to vote

Legislatures composed of representatives
Annual legislative elections

10

Strong legislatures that relied on principle of

Majority rule to protect rights of citizens (legislative supremacy)

11

Legislative branch is most capable of

Reflecting the will of the people

12

Executive branch is less accountable to the people and shouldn't be

Trusted with much power

13

Judges should not be

Trusted with too much powe r

14

Executive branches were

Weak and dependent on legislatures

15

Governors had short terms of office to ensure that they cold not

Amass too much power

16

Appointments made by the governor had to be

Approved by the legislature

17

Governors player almost no role in

Lawmaking and had limited power to veto laws enacted by legislature

18

Houses could check the power of the other by

Defeating a proposal with which it didn't agree.

19

Voters could check legislators power by

Electing new representatives

20

The Massachusetts constitution created a strobe system of

Separation of powers and checks and balances

21

Massachusetts constitution gave the governor effective checks on the powers of the

Legislature and provided for a judiciary with judges

22

Structure of the Massachusetts constitution is more like that of the

U.S. Constitution

23

Two important characteristics of Massachusetts constitution

Strong executive
Representation of various economic classes

24

Strong executive

Qualified voters elected the governor

25

Governors salary was

Fixed and couldn't be changed by the legislature w

26

Governor had the power to

Revise laws enacted by legislature

27

Governor had the power to appoint

Officials to executive branch and judges to the judicial branch

28

Representation of various classes

Complex system of representation to ensure that many groups and interests had a voice
Mixed constitution

29

Most state constitutions began with a

Preamble and a declaration of rights

30

Writers of early state constitutions emphasized the importance

Of guaranteeing basic rights

31

Lists of rights differed slightly from state to state yet all were based on the motion this people have rights that must be

Protected from governmental interference

32

Virginia declaration was the first protection of

Individual rights to be adopted by the people acting through an elected convention

33

Virginia declaration expressed the understanding of fundamental

Inalienable rights ans the motion that people create governments to protect such rights

34

Virginia declaration of rights states that all men are equally

Free and independent and enjoy rights of life and liberty with means of possessing property

35

Virginia declaration of rights states that all power is derived

From and kept by the people

36

Virginia declaration of rights states that government is instituted for the

Common benefit
Protection
And security of the people nation or community

37

Virginia declaration stayed that all men are equally entitled to the

Free exercise of religion

38

Declarations in other constitutions begin with statements regarding

Natural rights
Popular sovereignty
Purposes of government

39

Most states declaration included political guarantees such as

Right to vote
Free and frequent elections
Freedom of speech and of the press
Right to petition the government to redress grievances
No taxation without representation

40

All state constitutions contained procedural guarantees of

Due process

41

Procedural guarantees of due process

Right to trial by jury
Protection from illegal searches and seizures
Protection from forced self-incrimination, excessive bail and fines, and cruel and unusual punishment

42

Most of the state declarations expressed s fear of military tyranny by condemning

Standing armies in time of peace and the quartering of troops in civilian homes

43

State declarations of rights would have a tremendous influence on the

Drafting and adoption of the U.S. Bill of rights

44

Checks and balances

A principle whereby each branch of government has some measure of influence over the other branches and may choose to block procedures of the other branches