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Flashcards in Lesson 14 Deck (46):
1

Federalists

Supporters of the constitution

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The federalist: essays to

Rebut anti fed arguments

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Federalists encouraged associates in the states to

Organize as quickly as possible when they agreed on state ratifying conventions

4

Believed that of state conventions acted quickly, then antifreeze would have

Little time to oppose

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In Pennsylvania federalists knew that significant opposition in the western part of the state might

Defeat the constitution

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Ratification debates on the states lasted

10 months

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Hamilton Madison and John Jay published a series of

Essays under the pseudonym publius

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These essays were used in the Virginia ratification debates and offer info about

Conflict over the constitution

9

Writers of the federalist were skilled at using

Basic ideas about gov that most Americans understood and accepted

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Writers of the federalist presented the constitution as a

Well organized, agrees on plan for national gov.

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Argued that constitution reflected a

New science of politics

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Most Americans most likely agreed with anti fed argument that a republican gov couldn't be

Sustained over a large and diverse nation

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Argument had support in well known

Political theory

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Federalists needed a new

Political theory

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Madison turned classical republican arguments upside down in

Federalist 10

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Madison: faction poses the greatest danger to

Governments of the people

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(Madison's arguments) if a faction consisted of a minority a democrat worked well because

Majority could outvote faction

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(Madison's arguments) faction consisted of a majority risk of majority tyranny arose. Thus,

A republic would work better

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(Madison's arguments) in small communities majority tyranny could arise because there would probably be no more than 2 sets of ideas on any question of those opposed to common good commanded a majority

The outcome would defeat common good and rights

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Madison benefits of a large republic:

Many different factions- no majority
More fit characters for leadership
Good reps filter out ideas based on self interest
Dangers of factions defeated

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Civic virtue can't be relied on as sole support of a gov that can protect rights and promote welfare:

Republican gov is safe only if citizens have civic virtue

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National gov created by the constitution does not rely solely on

Civic virtue

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Unrealistic to believe that such a large amount of people will be willing to

Sacrifice their self interests for common benefit

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Size and distance of te nail would serve as a

Check on any one interest making it unlikely for any interest or faction to dominate

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The way constitution organizes gov is the best way to promote

Goals of republicanism

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Rights and welfare is protected by the system of

Representation
Separation of powers and
Checks and balances

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Method of electing officials would allow them to

Possess necessary qualities

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Representation of different interests would protect

Basic rights

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Legislative branch represents and protects

Peoples local interests and state interests

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Executive branch represents and protects

National interests

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Judicial branch ensures

Good judgement, responsible only to constitution

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Hamilton argued that the constitution allowed national gov to exercise only

Enumerated powers

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National gov has no authority over

Individuals

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Adding bill of rights would insinuate that national gov had powers the constitution

Didn't give it

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Bill of rights was

Unnecessary

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By June 1788 nine states ratified but

New York nor Virginia ratified

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A compromise was reached in that federalists would support

Adding a bill of rights

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Compromise deprived anti Feds of their most powerful argument against the

Constitution

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Virginia and New York then

Ratified

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Ratification by 11 stars still didn't end

The debate

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North Carolina had a convention that adjourned

Without voting

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Rhode Island sent constitution constitution. To town meetings

Where it was rejected

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With bill of rights North Carolina

Ratified

44

Rhode Island forced to ratify when providence threatened ro

Leave the state and join the union

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George Washington also threatened Rhode Island with

Commercial restrictions

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Faction: any group within a society that promoted its own

Self interest at the expense of the common goodb