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1

Federalists

Supporters of the constitution

2

The federalist: essays to

Rebut anti fed arguments

3

Federalists encouraged associates in the states to

Organize as quickly as possible when they agreed on state ratifying conventions

4

Believed that of state conventions acted quickly, then antifreeze would have

Little time to oppose

5

In Pennsylvania federalists knew that significant opposition in the western part of the state might

Defeat the constitution

6

Ratification debates on the states lasted

10 months

7

Hamilton Madison and John Jay published a series of

Essays under the pseudonym publius

8

These essays were used in the Virginia ratification debates and offer info about

Conflict over the constitution

9

Writers of the federalist were skilled at using

Basic ideas about gov that most Americans understood and accepted

10

Writers of the federalist presented the constitution as a

Well organized, agrees on plan for national gov.

11

Argued that constitution reflected a

New science of politics

12

Most Americans most likely agreed with anti fed argument that a republican gov couldn't be

Sustained over a large and diverse nation

13

Argument had support in well known

Political theory

14

Federalists needed a new

Political theory

15

Madison turned classical republican arguments upside down in

Federalist 10

16

Madison: faction poses the greatest danger to

Governments of the people

17

(Madison's arguments) if a faction consisted of a minority a democrat worked well because

Majority could outvote faction

18

(Madison's arguments) faction consisted of a majority risk of majority tyranny arose. Thus,

A republic would work better

19

(Madison's arguments) in small communities majority tyranny could arise because there would probably be no more than 2 sets of ideas on any question of those opposed to common good commanded a majority

The outcome would defeat common good and rights

20

Madison benefits of a large republic:

Many different factions- no majority
More fit characters for leadership
Good reps filter out ideas based on self interest
Dangers of factions defeated

21

Civic virtue can't be relied on as sole support of a gov that can protect rights and promote welfare:

Republican gov is safe only if citizens have civic virtue

22

National gov created by the constitution does not rely solely on

Civic virtue

23

Unrealistic to believe that such a large amount of people will be willing to

Sacrifice their self interests for common benefit

24

Size and distance of te nail would serve as a

Check on any one interest making it unlikely for any interest or faction to dominate

25

The way constitution organizes gov is the best way to promote

Goals of republicanism

26

Rights and welfare is protected by the system of

Representation
Separation of powers and
Checks and balances

27

Method of electing officials would allow them to

Possess necessary qualities

28

Representation of different interests would protect

Basic rights

29

Legislative branch represents and protects

Peoples local interests and state interests

30

Executive branch represents and protects

National interests