Lesson 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 5 Deck (49):
1

Constituent

A person represented by an elected official

2

Covenant

An agreement

3

Indentured servant

A person who sold his or her labor, usually in exchange for the cost of the trip from Europe to the colonies

4

Magistrate

Judge of the colony

5

Mayflower compact

An early example of social contract theory put into practice in America

6

Suffrage

The right to vote

7

England wanted to establish

Colonies in North America

8

Two incentive plans of England were

Royal proprietorships and joint-stock companies

9

Royal proprietorships

Provinces
11 of the 13 colonies founded as proprietorships

10

Joint stock companies

Business ventures

11

Mayflower compact was an early example of

Social contract theory put into practice in America

12

The mayflower compact laid the

Foundation for the state of Massachusetts

13

Conditions of an undeveloped land profoundly affected

Economic
Social
And political life in colonial America

14

Land was

Cheap and readily available

15

Labor was

Scarce

16

Indentured servant was a person who

Sold his or her labor typically in exchange for cost of trip from Europe to colonies

17

No indentured and free laborers earned

Higher wages in America than in Europe

18

Some people became wealthy and others failed creating

A class of American poor

19

Free inhabitants mostly achieved at least

Moderate prosperity

20

English practices that protested the landed aristocracy in Great Britain

Did not survive

21

England's class system was

Harder to maintain in America

22

The chance to improve ones lot in life became

An essential idea about the American experience

23

Charter is a written document from a

Government or ruler that grants certain rights

24

Tradition of expressing rights in writing became an

Essential part of American constitutions

25

Massachusetts body of liberties provided for

Rule of law and protection of rights of people living in that colony against abuse by a mahistrate or judge of the colony

26

Massachusetts body of liberties was America's

First bill of rights

27

Massachusetts body of liberties guaranteed

Trial by jury
Free elections
Right of free men to own property

28

Mass body of liberties limited

Suffrage but guaranteed some political rights to those who didn't enjoy voting franchise

29

Some rights were restricted to

Protestant white men or people who belonged to a colony's official state or established church

30

Women were not granted

Political rights

31

Colonial laws limited women's right to

Own property and manage their own legal and personal affairs

32

Married women typically had the legal status of

Underage children

33

Native Americans did not enjoy

Rights expressed in colonial documents

34

Native Americans were

Removed from their lands when necessary for colonial expansion

35

Structure of colonial governments

A governor
Council of 3-30 landholders who advised governor/ served as highest court
Assembly elected by people that had a say in matters of taxation

36

Voting was limited to

White male property owners

37

Basic principles shared by colonial constitutions

Fundamental rights
Rule of law
Representative government and right to vote
Separation of powers

38

Separation of powers

Legislatures
Governors
Courts

39

Legislatures

Assemblies that assumed greater responsibility for making laws

40

Governors

Responsible for carrying out and enforcing laws ensuring that colonies were governed consistent with English law and tradition

41

Courts

Administer local justice and to preside over trials of those accused of breaking laws

42

America. Colonists believed that security of life and liberty depended on

Security of property

43

Limiting suffrage to those who

Possessed at least some land

44

Owning 50 acres of land was a

Voting property requirement in most colonies

45

Colonial legislatures were more

Broadly representative

46

Colonial elections typically offered voters

A choice of competing candidates

47

Colonial legislators served shorter

Terms than those of parliament and were required to live in the districts they represented

48

Colonial legislators were responsible for ensuring that the

Legislafure knew about needs and interests of their constituents

49

Charter

A written document from a governor or a ruler that grants certain rights