Lesson 6 Flashcards Preview

We The People > Lesson 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 6 Deck (45):
1

Law of nature

Contains universally obligatory standards of justice and would prevail in the absence of man made law

2

Sovereignty

Authority

3

Writs of assistance

General warrants

4

After 1763

British exerted more control over American colonies

5

Britain incurred large debts to gain its victory over the

French in the Seven years war

6

Proclamation act forbade colonial authorities to allow

Settlement on Indian lands wear is Appalachian mts

7

Proclamation act aimed at reducing

Costs of protecting colonists from wars produced with native Americans

8

Stamp act introduced a

Tax on the colonists by imposing duties on stamps needed for official documents

9

Quartering act required colonists to

Shelter British troops in their homes

10

New trade restrictions and taxes meant the

Loss of money for some colonists

11

Colonists understanding of

Representative government was challenged

12

Colonists believed that tax laws should be passed only in

Their colonial legislatures, where they were represented

13

Small groups in each colony were convinced that

Large crowds prepared to act forcefully could successfully resist the stamp act

14

Sons of liberty

Engaged in political agitation that precipitated crowd action

15

Representatives from colonies met in the

Stamp act to organize resistance

16

Parliament repealed stamp act but passed

Declaratory act which asserted britains power and authority over the colonies

17

Townsend revenue acts

Levied new taxes on items such as tea paper and glass

18

Group of American women called the daughters of liberty led boycotts of

English foods and produced products that would help colonists become economically independent

19

Writs of assistance gave parliament officials

Authority to search and seize colonial property

20

British sent troops to

Maintain order and facilitate tax collection

21

Boston massacre

Five colonists killed in conflict with British troops in Boston

22

Boston massacre convinced Americans that British government

Was prepared to use military force

23

Tea act reassert re parliaments right to

Tax colonists and led to Boston tea party after townshend acts were repealed

24

Boston tea party

Colonists boarded British ships and dumped 45 tons of tea into the Boston harbor

25

British responded to Boston tea party with

Intolerable acts
Punitive acts that closed Boston harbor to all trade

26

Colonists formed committees of correspondence to

Publicize colonial opposition and to organize resistance

27

Each colony, except Georgia, sent representatives to a meeting in Philadelphia to decide

Response to the actions of the British government in 1774 (first continental congress)

28

Benjamin Franklin drafted a

Resolution for the congress

29

First continental Congress's voted to

Impose a ban on trade with Britain

30

Their goal was to force Britain to change its polices but British officials simply considered the nam an

Irresponsible refinance of authority and ordered the arrest of some leading colonists in mass

31

Some colonists were preparing for

War against Great Britain and formed a civilian militia called the Minutemen

32

Approx 700 British troops tried to march to concord where they heard that

Minutemen had hidden arms and ammunition but colonists were alerted

33

War

Broke out

34

Many beloved that independence would be the

Solution to the colonists problems

35

Congress appointed a committee of five to prepare a

Declaration of Independence

36

Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft that announced the final

Step in the colonists resistance to the British government by rejects the sovereignty of the monarchy

37

Members of the continental congress thought it essential to justify their rebellion against re sovereignty of the government and to

Identify the principles of legitimate government to win sympathy and support

38

Declaration of Independence is an example of the colonists ideas about

Government and their complaints of British rule

39

Appeals to natural

Rights common to all people

40

Asserts that authority resides with

The people

41

Important ideas and arguments of the declaration

Natural rights
Human equality
Government by consent
"A long train of abuses"

42

Human equality

Right to rule must be based on compact among equal civic members

43

A long train of abuses

Violations and abuses of power by King showed design to reduce government of colonies to tyranny

44

Declaration charged that the king was

Seeking to destroy authority of colonial legislatures
Obstructing administration of justice
Keeping standing armies without approval
Quartering soldiers
Imposing taxes without consent
Depriving colonists of the right to trial by jury
Altering colonial charterS, abolishing laws, changing constitutions

45

Compact

Agreement